Qualitative Methods and Critical Analysis in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Science

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Qualitative Methods and Critical Analysis in theArts, Humanities, and Social Science(Interviews)By:Student No:Word count: 1422
Critically assess the value and limitations of at least one of themethods of data collection or critical analysis covered in themodule. Where appropriate, discuss the ethical and practical issueswhich may arise by the use of this method within your own plannedresearchInterviewResearch methods selected for the research decides the framework of the research. Thesource of data in the research also decides the structure of the research methodology. Thevariation in the quality of data is dependent upon the subject of research.The various data collection methods in qualitative research are described by Creswell.The methods of data collection are interview, documents and published material, observationsand audio-visual sources of data. The value of collected data from above mentioned methodsdepends on the framing of questionnaire in particular technique. Every methods of datacollection have some pros and cons (Bowling, 2014).The finding of this research evaluates the improvement in the services provided to thecitizen of Oman by government.This study defines the analysis of different project carried outto study the development of the services of public sector in various areas of Oman over thedefined time period. Thefinding of the study compromisesvarious factors affecting the servicesand methods ofenhancing the efficiencyof the public services.For carrying out research successfullythe researcher shouldincludecase study ofresearch topic.Case study of the public sector servicesenhance the relevancy of the thesis. Thesource of the data collectionfor research methodologyis staff of governmentwho areengagedin the differentdepartment of services provided bygovernment organisation.The selection ofkey members of government for data collection depends on the experience of the membersinvolved in development of public services. The interview with the policy makers of governmentrelated topublic services results in the increased efficiency of theresearch programme. (Rice andAtkin, 2012).Interview is the technique of qualitative data collectionused in executing researchprogramme. This can be effective method of collecting quality data as compared to the survey
for development of an complex research.Because interview involves one to one interaction withthe various participants and studies the perception of the interviewee and his knowledge. Theinterview can be effective onlyifthe questions framed by the researcher is relevant to the subjectandhave certain impacton the findings of research. Selection of appropriate candidate forinterviewprocedure is necessary for collecting effective data related to thedesign and objectiveof research. The interview should be flexible and adapt new changes according the response andinterest of the candidate and needs of the research subject.Scheduling the timing and appropriatelocation for the interview is important for the success of data collection technique.The interview can be structured, semi structured or unstructured depending upon thequestionsselected for the interview and content defined in questions are well defined or not.Selection of different approach inexecutinginterview results in the philosophical and theoreticalanalysis of the findings.For appropriate finding in researchthe semi structure interview isbeneficialfordatacollectionfrom the staff of the government organisation related to various public sector services.The semi structured interview contains both open endedandclosedended type of questions.Theinterview willcontributein finding out the data related to government policies in public sectorand the problemsinvolvedin the public sector services in Oman. The semi structure type ofinterview helps in collecting the informationin details with help of open ended questionsselected for the interview.The open ended questions have their own agenda of collectinghidden information in response of intervieweeabout the specific subject of research. In semistructured interview the interviewer collects information aboutthe specific subject in depth forthe questions which are can not includedin the questionnaire.Thecollected datafrom the interview isorganised and analysed byresearcher toconclude a specific result in research.The research helps in finding out the new possibilities andsolutions to the problems involved in services of public sector and provides a new dimensionforresearch analysis(Lipsky, 2010). Research helps in evaluating the results and establishing newmethods to resolve theproblem related to publicservices provided by the government.The datacollected from interview is more significant for the development of research programme asinterviewer is their to resolve any confusion about the question faced by the interviewee.
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