Assignment on Political Leadership

Added on - 09 Jul 2021

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AssignmentPolitical leadership andpolitical eliteSpecialty:Regional Economics
Contents:1. Introduction2. Definition of leadership3. Formation of political leaders4. Types of leaders5. Political elite6. Conclusion7. Literature
Introduction.Interest in political leadership has existed since ancient times and to this day. The role ofleadership in the development of society changes depending on historical and socialprocesses. Leadership is a constant phenomenon that follows the evolutionary developmentof man, technology, society and nature. Herodotus, Plutarch and other ancient historiansplace at the center of their historical analyzes the role of the great figure, the leadingpolitical leader - king, priest or general. In the Renaissance, the first thinker to study the roleand resources of leadership was Machiavelli, considered the ancestor of public relations.Machiavelli points out that among the methods of taking and retaining power, unattractivefrom the point of view of abstract morality, but obviously irreplaceable in politics, arequalities such as dexterity, pretense, hypocrisy, cunning, insidiousness. Among the morallyneutral he attributes such personal qualities as speed of reactions and determination.Machiavelli has a tradition of identifying different types of political leaders, such as "lions"and "foxes." From the second half of the nineteenth century, leadership became the focus ofa whole galaxy of brilliant minds. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the classicaltheories of leadership were formed (V. Pareto, G. Mosca, R. Michels).In the second half of the century, theories and typologies of leadership were created thatreflected the realities of old and new democracies and the practice of politicaltransformation. The personal qualities of political leaders, the tools with which they exercisepower, as well as the specific environment in which they operate, provide someopportunities for typology of political leaders. Leadership is the oldest form of expressionand realization of a strong personality in public life. From time immemorial, it has becomeclear that people are simply not the same. Among equals, one is stronger physically, anothersmarter, a third more agile, some more enterprising, etc. Therefore, from the earliest formsof human organization, certain individuals always come forward. Theses become the head ofthe family, the guild, the city, the state, etc. These are the leaders. Gradually, people realizethat the better leaders are at the forefront of a public activity, the more certain its success is.
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