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Associations between Quantitative and Qualitative Job Insecurity and Well-being

Added on -2019-09-22

This study investigates the association of employee’s perception of quantitative and qualitative job insecurity with job satisfaction, and psychological distress in the Belgium banking sector. The sample size was 15,000 employees selected from a total of 69,000 bank employees. The study used a survey method to collect data. The measures of variables were reliable and valid. The purpose of collecting data on variables such as gender, age, education level, extra income was to use them as control variables in data analysis. The research design used was cross-sectional.
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BUACC5931 2018 Semester 1, Assignment 1Associations between Quantitative and Qualitative Job Insecurityand Well-beingResearch questionsDe Witte et al. (2010) investigated the association of employee’s perception of quantitative andqualitative job insecurity with job satisfaction, and psychological distress in the Belgium bankingsector.Job insecurity is defined as the employees’ concerns about their work-related future. There aretwo kinds of job insecurities, the quantitative job insecurity and the qualitative job insecurity.The quantitative job insecurity is about the threat to the continuation of the job in the future. Thequalitative job insecurity is about threat to the various valued aspects of the job, such as jobcontent or working conditions.Data collection and respondentsIn total, there were 69,000 employees working in the 63 Belgian banks affiliated to the sector’sjoint industrial committee in 2001. As questioning all employees would be too expensive, theresearchers decided to survey a sample of 15,000 employees (roughly 21%). All the 63 banks participated in the survey. About 21% of employees in each bank were invitedto participate in the survey. Within each bank, the respondents were selected at random with noparticular quota for gender, age or employee level. The survey was based on addresses whichhad been provided by the banks (name, language, address) and each randomly selected employeereceived a personalized envelope through regular mail, sent to him/her by the employer. Thecompleted questionnaire needed to be returned (free of charge) through the internal post withineach bank. The researchers travelled to each bank to collect the completed survey.The sample was representative for employees in the banking sector, however, not for the totalworking population. More men (58.5 percent) than women (41.5 percent) participated. Abouttwo in three respondents were between 35 and 44 years old or between 45 and 54 years old,while about one in four was between 25 and 34 years old. Only a minority (4 percent) wasyounger than 24 or older than 55. Most respondents had an education beyond high school (63.9percent), had partners with an income and children (72.4 percent), and worked full-time (85percent). There were about as many white-collar workers (54.4 percent) as executives (45.6percent).MeasuresQuantitative job insecurity was measured with four items developed by De Witte (2000) on ascale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 4 (strongly agree). Sample items were “I feel insecure about1

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