(PDF) Big data security and privacy in healthcare

Added on - 24 Apr 2021

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INDIVIDUAL PRIVACY AND COLLECTIVE RIGHT TO HEALTHCAREName of the student:Name of University:Author Note:
This essay critically analyses the importance of m maintaining balance betweenindividual privacy rights and collective right to security as pertain to health care facilities.Most of the people have fundamental misconception about the nature as well as coreimportance of privacy1. The misunderstanding becomes more complicated when they do notunderstand that there is a far more effect of privacy on the recent society. This is the reasonwhy the authorities of the developed countries like the UK, US re undertaking a kind ofuniversal surveillance.Privacy is often misinterpreted to be purely an individual’s right which is sometimesmisconstrued as anti-community right which implores an individual to hide from the society.In this view, there will be a transparent society where none of the people will have anyprivacy in their lives. However, in reality privacy has a collective benefit that supportscoherent societies2. According to critics, privacy is not only hiding something or havingcontrol over the life but the more controlled people the society has, the more positively andfreely they behave. Therefore, privacy has a vital function for maintaining balance in thesociety, not creating division between society and individual.As most of the people in the free society believes that privacy act against thecollective right, the concept of surveillance has also been misunderstood. Ina democratic1Dove, Edward S. "Privacy and Healthcare Data: Choice of Control to Choice and Control."(2017): 158.2Lindblad, S., S. Ernestam, A. D. Van Citters, C. Lind, T. S. Morgan, and E. C. Nelson."Creating a culture of health: evolving healthcare systems and patient engagement."QJM: AnInternational Journal of Medicine110, no. 3 (2017): 125-129.1
society, surveillance has a crucial role to play3. It has vital role in maintaining the humanrights terms, which ultimately controls the aspects of fundamental rights for instance,freedom of expression, association and availing other necessities such as health care.There has been an open debate on the status of health care in many democraticcountries. Some people grant this facility to be individual privilege, on the other hand someassume this to be a collective right. However, integration of the individual rights with thestructural policy changes can expand the scope for all encompassing privilege. Both the rightsand the global health must be first transcending the individual versus collective division thenunite them so that it can provide the best facilities for the individuals along with the wholepopulation at large4. The traditional liberal theories of human rights support highest attainablelevels of health facilities and restricting these rights for survive the individual perspectivewill prevent the advancement of planning, founding new public policies, monitoring,accountability and the proper assessment5. This is the reason, many UN human rights bodiesseek information from the state parties so that they can utilise individuals’ data for planning3Burton, Paul R., Madeleine J. Murtagh, Andy Boyd, James B. Williams, Edward S. Dove,Susan E. Wallace, Anne-Marie Tasse et al. "Data Safe Havens in health research andhealthcare."Bioinformatics31, no. 20 (2015): 3241-3248.4Lindblad, S., S. Ernestam, A. D. Van Citters, C. Lind, T. S. Morgan, and E. C. Nelson."Creating a culture of health: evolving healthcare systems and patient engagement."QJM: AnInternational Journal of Medicine110, no. 3 (2017): 125-129.5Li, He, Jing Wu, Yiwen Gao, and Yao Shi. "Examining individuals’ adoption of healthcarewearable devices: An empirical study from privacy calculus perspective."Internationaljournal of medical informatics88 (2016): 8-17.2
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