Career Episode Assignment - Project Information

Added on - 28 May 2020

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CE 2.1 Project InformationName of the project:A Synchrophasor Assisted Frequency and Voltage StabilityBased Load Shedding Scheme for PowerLocation of the project:Charotar University of Science and Technology(CHARUSAT), Gujarat, IndiaProject Duration:Please FillOrganization:CharotarUniversity of Science and TechnologyRole and Designation during the time:Student of Electrical EngineeringCE 2.2 Project BackgroundCE 2.2.1 Characteristics of the projectThis particular project is the important amalgamation of frequency as well as voltagestability based load shedding scheme. The control andprotection solutions, by utilizingsynchrophasor based wide area monitoring and control system or WAMCS, are beingproposed for avoiding voltage, frequency, and the instabilities of rotor angle. WAMCS helpsin gathering the information of the system from several locations and then finally sends widearea control signals in answer to the disturbances of system. The system data is evelauated bythe phasor measurement units or PMUs and are then sent to a particular phasor dataconcentrator or PDC. PDCs, in returning send the entire system data to a particular centrallocation. This WAMCS usually forms a significant component for the implementation ofsmart grid, since it helps to facilitate the monitoring of system wide, control and assessmentof functions.
CE 2.2.2 Objectives developed for the projectThis project study comprises of various objectives. They are given below:To understand the concept and functions of a synchrophasorTo stabilize power system by frequency and voltage stability load shedding schemeTo ensure voltage and frequency stabilityCE 2.2.3 Project GroupHead ofDepartmentProjectLeaderTeamMemberTeamMemberTeamMemberMEFigure 1: People involved in the projectCE 2.2.4 My responsibilities throughout the projectI had taken the designing responsibilities of the synchrophasor assisted frequency andvoltage based load shedding scheme in any power system. I had utilized the guidelines of theproject for conducting work with knowledge as well as experience. After that, the design ofload shedding scheme was gained from forming the document of the project. I had even doneseveral works like cutting of the good damages and equipments foundation. It is needed forcomplying with project rules and operations of equipments. I had also handled the tools, that
are needed for the purpose of handling as well as installation. I had also tested the equipmentsfor the purpose of commissioning. My next main responsibility was to write down the reportsof the project and document the crucial data in the report. Finally, being the team member ofthis project I had properly involved into the estimation of budgets and timescales.CE 2.3 Distinctive ActivityCE 2.3.1 Comprehending the Theory of the projectConventional protection scheme have been implemented through local protectiondevices. These conventional local devices are non- adaptive and are not capable of takingoptimized and co-ordinate action to deal with the impact of wide spread system disturbances.For the secure operation of power system relaying scheme should be adaptive to varioussystem operating condition. Under emergency conditions, the effective controls can bederived with the availability of the real-time system dynamic states. The present SupervisoryControl and Data Acquisition/Energy Management System or SCADA/EMS) is unable toderive the dynamic information of the system at a rate required for the real-time controlactions. Recent development of Synchronized Measurement Technology or SMT offers aparadigm shift in the field of power system measurements. This technology has approachedto the development of a new class of Wide Area Monitoring, Protection, and Control orWAMPAC systems for reliable operation of the power systems. WAMPAC functionsencompass the system wide monitoring, coordinated real time protection and controlfunctions to counter the propagation of any major disturbances in the power system.An AC waveform can be mathematically represented by the equation:x(t) = Xm cos (wt + Φ ) (1.1)where,
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