Case Study Essay on Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Heart Failure
Write a 1500-word essay addressing a case scenario of a patient with advanced cardiac failure and acute renal failure, focusing on the pathophysiology and clinical care. Research and use relevant literature and lecture material.
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This case study essay discusses the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and interventions for acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure in a 73-year-old patient. The patient presented with pulmonary edema, atrial fibrillation, and acute renal failure. The essay suggests pharmacological interventions, dietetics, and investigational agents to address the diastolic dysfunction and cardiac arrest. The patient's high potassium levels and fluid volume imbalance also require attention.