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PUBH6005: Epidemiology PDF

Added on - 30 Oct 2021

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CASP checklist for the included review study
CASP criteria for review study
Study Name
Gould et al., 2017Luangasanatip et al.,
2015
Section A: Are the results of the review valid?
1. Did the review address a clearly
focussed question?YesYes
2. Did the author look at the right type
of paper?YesYes
3. Do you think all the important,
relevant studies were included?Yesyes
4. Did the review’s authors do enough
to assess quality of the included
studies?
Yes – Each studies
were hand assessed
using EPOC checklist
Yes – each considered
study had met quality
criteria set by authors
5. If the results of the review have
been combined, was it reasonable to
do so?
YesYes
Section B: What are the results?
6. What are the overall results of the
review?
Robust research is
needed in urgent
manner to increase the
hand hygiene
compliance
Promotion of hand
hygiene increases the
compliance among
health-workers.
7. How precise are the results?Not mentionedVery. CI is at 95 %
Section C: Will the results help locally?
8. Can the results be applied to the
local population?YesYes
9. Were all important outcomes
considered?YesYes
11. Are the benefits worth the harms
and costs?YesYes
CASP checklist for the included experimental study:
CASP criteria for randomized
control study
Study Name
Chassin, Mayer &
Nether, 2015
Allegranzi et al.,
2013
Section A: Are the results of the trial valid?
1. Did the trial address a clearly
focussed issue?YesYes
2. Was the assignment of patients to
treatments randomised?YesYes
3. Were all of the patients who
entered the trial properly accounted
for at its conclusion?
YesYes
4. Were patients, health workers and
study personal ‘blind’ to treatment?NoNo
5. Were the groups similar at the
start of the trial?YesYes
6. Aside from the experimental
intervention, were the groups treated
equally?
YesYes
Section B: What are the results?
7. How large was the treatment
effect?
Eight hospitals from
USA volunteered to
participate in this
investigation.
43 hospitals were
studied in 5 different
countries
8. How precise was the estimate of
the treatment effect?
Very. P value was less
than 0.001
Estimates were very
precise as the CI was
at 95 % and p value
<0.0001
Section C: Will the results help locally?
9. Can the results be applied to the
local population, or in your context?YesYes
10. Were all clinically important
outcomes considered?YesYes
11. Are the benefits worth the harms
and costs?
Yes, both the benefits
and risk factors are
considered by the
authors
Yes, both the benefits
and risk factors are
considered by the
authors
CASP checklist for the included cohort study:
CASP criteria for cohort studyStudy Name
Srigley et al., 2014
Section A: Are the results of the study valid?
1. Did the study address a clearly focused
issue?Yes
2. Was the cohort recruited in an
acceptable way?Yes
3. Was the exposure accurately measured
to minimise bias?Yes
4. Was the outcome accurately measured
to minimise bias?Yes
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