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Surname 1Student’s Name:Tutor’s Name:Course:Date Due:Child development Child development theories.In child development, according to psychoanalytic perspective, a child undergoes a seriesof different phases where they encounter struggles between their social and biological expectations, solving of this dispute determines the person ability to learn and to get along with their peers. Psychoanalysis has aided social workers to understand personality, behavior and emotional suffering. Poor childhood experiences are the major contributing factor to the suffering of emotional problems and personality disorders. It's, therefore, crucial to helping the affected individual to mature and become less emotionally fragile and be relevant to the society.Behavior modification encompasses a procedural process that consists modeling and conditioning to get rid of undesirable behaviors and add more desirable outcomes. The theory is therefore crucial in relieving a broad range of serious developmental problems for example language delays, extreme fears, and persistent aggression. Through modification and fixing of interpersonal stimuli and responses, one can eliminate the undesirable behaviors. Educating people to respond differently to a given situation has a powerful effect on cases behavioral content. For example, the shy can be bold. The theoriescan be applied in therapy to help in reduction of undesired behavior and increase desired
Surname 2behavior so as people can respond appropriately in different situations; this is important in leading a normal productive, happy life. Disseminating of the knowledge gained in the various theories is also crucial in educating parents, and care givers to help in the growth of positive behavior in children and also assist in detecting abnormality at early stages hence correcting the problem when still at early stages.The theories have also emphasized on attachment between the care giver parents and teachers with the child. Environment and socialization of the child also have been discussed this is important in helping children to develop normally without being exposed to situations that can affect their emotions or hinder their normal way of life. Aspects of child development.Between child birth and the adolescence, many changes occur which they are both physical and biological changes. Both the pre-natal and post-natal period have a profound influence on the development of a child (Frye & Douglas, 47). There are therefore different aspects that are involved in the child development which include motor development, physical growth, social, emotional development and cognitive development.Motor development varies based the mechanisms of motor development, individual differences and disabilities. The physical development takes place for about 15 to 20 years from the time of birth. The baby weighs approximately 3.5kg and has a length of about 50 cm. This proportions changes as growth take place on a continuous basis .rapid growth is experienced in the first four months after the birth. Within one year the baby weight increases three times the weight at birth however it's not uniform at all parts. There will be great changes in the bodily movements. The actions are not coordinated during the childhood, and they will be well
Surname 3coordinated during the adolescence. The accuracy of movements takes place at a consistent pace.Infants and children acquire cognitive abilities in an efficient manner. They gain some skills and also learn from others. The parents, neighbors and sibling influence will have a lasting impact onthe young brains (Kail & Robert, 89). There will be different levels of capacities to learn, to remember and solve problems. The cognitive tasks include discrimination of inanimate and animate beings. At infant stage, they will be able to recognize a small number of objects. It should be taken into consideration that when training a child through school education and other vocational training programs there are differences in the development of cognitive abilities skills development also varies between boys and girls, it’s also important to note that different ethnic groups develop differences in the development of capabilities.A just new born baby does not show any preference or differences when in contact with the particular group of people, unlike grown up baby who will not tolerate new people. Separation anxiety is experienced if the child is kept away from its mother for a few hours or days. During the pre -school duration the baby will be able to understand the social role efficiently as they are disseminated to them. Friendship starts developing during the middle childhood period.It's very crucial to understand the different facets of the development of the child so that required care can be taken by parent's teachers and other relevant individuals involved in the child development. Understanding the difficulties associated with the children at various stages will help in the identification of the right kind of facilities that needs to be provided for the overall development of the child.
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