COIT20246 Assignment ICT Services Management

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3,5,7,8,9,10 COIT 20246 ASSIGNMENT SUBMISSIONDue date:Thursday Week 11 (2PM AEST)Part:Written AssessmentWeighting:30% of total assessment.Submission:Electronic (see course website for details)InstructionsIt will be necessary to use literature/online resources to complete this assignment,please ensure you cite and reference any such materials using the Harvard format.DO NOT copy content directly from either the text or Internet resources: thisassignment is to be in your own words. You will lose marks if you do not use yourown words!Please complete your assignment using thissubmission templatefile, inserting yourresponses where indicated.DO NOT delete the marking criteria page – changes are permitted to the formatting ofother pages including the headers and footers.Please fill in the following details:Student NameStudent Number
TasksThere are ten (10) tasks, one for each week: the tasks are detailed below. There is atable to complete for each task. Please fill in the information required.Note: Each resource summary should be around 200-300 words.Week 1The text discusses the elements of modern computing architecture however is largelysilent on the individuals who played a role in its development. Find and summarise aresource that describes ONE such individual. The individual should have had asignificant influence on the development of computers and/or components of moderncomputing architecture.Devlin’sAngleReference:Devlin, K. (2017).Contexts of Paradox. [online] Maa.org. Available at:https://www.maa.org/external_archive/devlin/devlin_12_03.html [Accessed 16 Sep. 2017].Link:www.maa.org/external_archive/devlin/devlin_12_03.htmlSummary:After three months on 28th December, it will be 101st anniversary of the birth ofJohn von Neumann, who was the American mathematician, Hungarian by birthplace. He had achieved many accomplishments in his whole life span among which,the most accomplished achievement was the "von Neumann architecture" that statesthe origination of the basic principle of computer design. This invention was alsoknown as Von Neumann computers. It can be said that these are the ancestors oflaptop PCs and desktops of this modern age. Main feature of this computer was thatthe data and the program both are stored together, generally in the slow-to-accessstorage media like hard disks and were being transfer to be faster like RAM (Volatilestorage medium) for processing or executing using CPU (Central Process Unit). Theprocessing of the recent computers is based on that same principle but term "vonNeumann architecture" is being rarely used nowadays, although this was the commonterm for the profession in computing at early 1970s. It was a radical idea when VonNeumann in 1945 proposed this technical architecture. At that time machine’sessential part was the programs, and thus different from the data ton which themachines were being operated. The common way during that time in this operatingsystem was to input the program data using plug-board or ay physical means and afterthat feeding the data for the program o act upon.Week 2The text discusses the components and activities of operating systems however islargely silent on the individuals who played a role in their development. Find andsummarise a resource that describes ONEsuch individual. The individual should havehad a significant influence on the writing or development of operating systems.Title: Linux HistoryReference:Stallman, R. (2017).History of Linux, Who Invented Linux, How Was Linux Invented.[online] Livinginternet.com. Available at: https://www.livinginternet.com/i/iw_unix_gnulinux.htm
[Accessed 16 Sep. 2017].Link:www.livinginternet.com/i/iw_unix_gnulinux.htmSummary:In 1991Linus Torvaldswas the one who invented Linux by himself. He was a student at the Finland,University of Helsinki where he was using a non-free Unix-like system calledMinixand after that hestarted writing own kernel.His work was started with developing hard-drive access and device driversand in September 1991, he developed his basic design and named it Version 0.01. Afterwardscombining this with GNU system, the free operating system Kernel was developed and named Linuxand spread in the market. After almost two months on 1991, October 5th, he announced the launch ofnext version (Version 0.02) by a posting sent to the comp.os.minix newsgroup. This was the sameMinix operated basic version but became popular and attracts considerable interests nevertheless.Continuous improvement in this kernel led to the increase in popularity and increases number ofvolunteers in the internet and thus after eliminating certain bugs on December 19 a new version was arelease that was Unix-like Linux system. As the time was passing new updates were being developedby him and a new Linux Version was released on January 5, 1992, which was an improved and stablekernel. That release was named Version 0.95 in order to reflect that it was being evolved anddeveloped towards becoming a full-featured system.
Week 3The Internet didn’t just appear – it was an evolution from earlier networks. Find andsummarise a resource that describes ONEof the networks that led to the developmentof the modern Internet.Title: The History of EthernetReference:Bellis, M. (2017).Learn Why Robert Metcalfe Is the Father of Ethernet. [online]ThoughtCo. Available at: https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-ethernet-robert-metcalfe-4079022[Accessed 18 Sep. 2017].Link:https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-ethernet-robert-metcalfe-4079022Summary:PARC (Palo Alto Research Centre) at Xerox Corporation was the place whereEthernet was developed by a group led by Robert Metcalfe, which is an example ofnetworking technology that was developed and properly worked without thegovernment funding, which was a unique and rare achievement in the field ofnetworking technology of its own kind. Using Coaxial cable for the sharing the mediabetween two networks in an efficient way was demonstrated in this experiment.Ethernet stations were able to detect the collisions that had occurred and weresuccessful in stopping the transmission immediately and make a retry attempt after ashort time randomly, whereas, Aloha system was not capable of providing theseservices. Thus the approach of Ethernet raises the possibilities of efficiency andaccuracy of the Aloha technique and made it applicable for real use. The applicationof shared-media LANs became the most dominant approach for the computer-to-computer communication among local areas and building this attracted variousnetworking companies towards this invention and IBM (Token Rising) and otherscaptured the emerging market with this technology. At its Initial stage it uses centre’stime-sharing as the gateway to the APARNET to make connection with the networkof about 100 personal Computers of PARC’s Alto. It was believed at the initial stagethat the limited and small size performance of Personal Computers would precludethe use but, with the help of DARPA funding, group of David Clark built an efficientTCP implementation for the system.Week 4Ethernet is an example of a Layer Two (L2) data link protocol that is discussed in thetext. Find and summarise a resource that describes the features and uses of ONEother L2 protocol that is not discussed in the text (i.e. NOT Ethernet).Title: PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol)Reference:Ruiz, V. (2017).PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol. [online] W3.ual.es. Available at:https://w3.ual.es/~vruiz/Docencia/Apuntes/Networking/Protocols/Level-2/03-PPP/index.html[Accessed 16 Sep. 2017].Link:https://w3.ual.es/~vruiz/Docencia/Apuntes/Networking/Protocols/Level-2/03-PPP/index.html
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