Comparative Essay on Maintenance of Oxygen Levels

Added on - 09 Oct 2019

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Comparative Essay1AssignmentComparative EssayStudent Name:Student ID:Course Name:Course ID:Faculty Name:University Name:
Comparative Essay2Comparative EssayHere maintenance of oxygen levels in patients with two different age groups has beendiscussed. Both of them are suffering from the same type of illness that is Influenza A butdue to the difference in age, the methods of caring and maintaining oxygen levels will vary toa great extent. Maintaining adequate oxygen level is very important for prevention ofpermanent tissue damage.There are many conditions in which Mr Stevens require oxygen. He is having cough andfever. Due to a cough, he gets exhausted causing difficulty in breathing. The vital signs withraised respiratory rates laboured breathing show need for oxygen. There are certainprecautions which we need to follow. Like never allow more that 2-3 litres of oxygen perday. Also, it is required to check that both the prongs are in patient nares. As here we can seethat Mr Stevens have taken out his masks hence he has been changed to prongs. It isimportant to ensure that his prongs are well in place. Also, it is important to monitor the signsof hypoxemia.(Gould, L., Abadir, P., Brem, H., Carter, M., ConnerKerr, T., Davidson, J., ...& Grice, E. (2015).As in the case of Mr.Stevens, it is at Sa0295%. It is borderline oxygensaturation. Below 95% can cause tissue damage . Also, it is required a check that MrStevensis getting disoriented. There might be chances that his oxygen saturation levels are going lowcausing disorientation. Hence it is important to monitor the oxygen levels.In the case of Jane, she is only 4 years old. Her parameters are clear indicative that heroxygen saturation is also on borderline. The main cause is Influenza A, which is an acuterespiratory infection causing hypoxemia in children. It can be life-threatening in the case ofchildren. Her oxygen saturation is also at borderline and requires to be improved. There aremany signs of hypoxemia in children. In this case, we can notice that Jane is unusually quietand wants to stay in bed. Her reduced activities are a sign of low oxygen saturation. The nasal
Comparative Essay3prongs have already caused destruction to the mucous wall of the nose which is causing painto her while removing it for cleaning. The normal capillary refill takes about little less thantwo seconds. In the case of Jane, it is almost normal at two seconds. Prolonged capillary refillis may be a sign of shock. Here her respiratory rate is 124 beats / per minute which s littlehigher than normal. The oxygen saturation needs to be increased. (Ward, J. J. (2013)Jane is having a frequent cough and running nose . This is causing her problem with the nasalprongs. With frequent coughing, it is difficult to maintain. Here a nurse has to constantlycheck if the prongs are in place also if there is some nasal wall destruction due to theadministration of prongs it can be taken care of. (Sjöberg, F., & Singer, M. (2013).In Mr.Stevens case as he is becoming disoriented at night, it is important to evaluate himevery 30 minutes. It is important to follow the prescription of oxygen. Oxygen is a drug andevery patient has a different required quantity hence the oxygen prescriptions need to befollowed. In Mr.Stevens case his each and every change in condition has to be noted down.He requires an hourly check of the oxygen flow rates , also the placement of his nasal prongsat correct place need to be assured. His pulse is on a higher side. The regular monitor of hispulse rate needs to be done. The current respiratory rate is 28/minute. If it goes any higherthen condition needs to be checked. His respiratory rates require close monitoring. MrStevens also has laboured breathing and he has a pale appearance.(Lee, N., Lui, G. C. Y.,Wong, K. T., Li, T. C. M., Tse, E. C. M., Chan, J. Y. C., ... & Ngai, K. L. K. (2013)All thesesuggest that he requires the supply of oxygen. His face mask is causing him discomfort.Hence he has been given nasal prongs. The nasal prongs can be given withouthumidification. He has not had any nasal discharge or irritation. Oxygen therapy needs to beclosely monitored and assessed. If high levels of oxygen are administered then it can damagethe lungs. Hence monitoring is essential. Also in his case of Mr.Stevens if he uses nasalprongs he can continue eating and drinking. This was not possible with a mask. The proper
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