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Development of Learning Theories From Behaviourism to Humanism - Essay

   

Added on  2020-07-23

9 Pages2465 Words745 Views
Development of learningtheories frombehaviourism tohumanism

Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1Main Body.......................................................................................................................................1CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................6REFERENCES ...............................................................................................................................7

INTRODUCTIONHuman beings are living in a society and several types of issues have been occurringthere. In order to deal with such problems different learning theories and philosophies are beingused in the sector of nursing (Schnetter and et. al., 2014). This has been seen that there is adramatic development in similar area and even educational psychologists are working effectivelyin order to explore more and more knowledge. Some of the key learning theories arebehaviourism, humanism and cognitive. Behaviourism is a psychological movement whichopposes with philosophy of mind. It is a 20th century term which was made popularism bypsychologist John Watson in 1913. According to him, it can be defined as the study of science ofbehaviour not as study of mind of a human or his mental processes. It includes as a view thatpsychology should includes studies of all behaviour of an human being including his feelings andthoughts. In this report, primary focus is given for describing the behaviourism approach and itsuses in the field of nursing. This project is explaining the impacts of such concept of learning onthe whole society. Main Body Learning theories simply refers to the theoretical structure that effort to describe howhuman as well as animal learn, thus helping individuals in understanding the inherently complexprocedure of acquisition. Learning commonly defined as a persisting modification inperformance of people or execution potential brought about as an outcome of learner'sinteraction with the atmosphere. Various theoretical framework are available in this world fortrainers for using that in medical education. Behaviourism, Cognitive , Constructivism are themain philosophies that is existing in nursing sector (McMillan, 2015). Learners can take use ofeach and every theory in order to increase and develop their skills and knowledge. But in thisassignment, mainly concepts of behaviourism has been discussed. Behaviourism learning concepts are was firstly proposed or explained by B. F. Skinner.According to this philosophy, activities of learning occur when alteration is examined in contextto behaviour. This model is nothing but the consequence of conditioning. The basis ofconditioning is that a reward following that is a wished response acts as a reinforcing stimulusand enhances the likeliness that the enviable response would be repeated again and again. Thus,it can be said that reinforcement is consider as core or main factor of this behaviourist theory. 1

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