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Impact of Teenage Pregnancy on Physical Health - Study on UK

   

Added on  2020-06-04

38 Pages13156 Words104 Views
Dissertation

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTI would like to express my sincere gratitude towards my teacher who helped me tocompete this project. A heartfelt thanks to the professors who helped me at every step of theproject and extending valuable suggestions that made this project a successful one. Further, I would like to thank my parents for giving me unbound assistance byencouraging me to prepare this project. I am greatly thankful to out training professor, whosedrills helped me to understand core ascpect related to subject matter.In the end I would like to thank all those people, friends and collegues who have giventangible or intangible contribution in making this research project a successful one.

Table of ContentsCHATER 1: INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND...............................................................21.1 Overview................................................................................................................................21.2 Rationale of the research.......................................................................................................31.3 Aim of the study....................................................................................................................31.4 Objectives of the study..........................................................................................................31.5 Research questions.................................................................................................................31.6 Significance of the research...................................................................................................41.7 Scope of the study..................................................................................................................41.8 Limitations of the study.........................................................................................................51.9 Conceptual framework analysis.............................................................................................51.10 Dissertation structure...........................................................................................................6CHAPTER 2: METHODS AND METHODOLOGY.....................................................................72.1 Introduction............................................................................................................................72.2 Research Philosophy..............................................................................................................72.3 Research approach.................................................................................................................82.4 Research technique................................................................................................................82.5 Research design.....................................................................................................................92.6 Data Collection......................................................................................................................92.7 Sampling..............................................................................................................................102.8 Data Analysis.......................................................................................................................102.9 Ethical consideration...........................................................................................................112.10 Validity and reliability.......................................................................................................11CHAPTER 3: LITERATURE REVIEW.......................................................................................133.1 Physical impact of teenage pregnancy.................................................................................133.2 Behaviours that pose a health risk for adolescent pregnant girls.........................................143.3 Strategies to overcome health issues in pregnancy..............................................................153.4 Teenage pregnancy in UK...................................................................................................173.5 Problems associated to teenage pregnancy..........................................................................18CHAPTER 4: RESULTS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS................................204.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................20

4.2 Thematic Analysis and analysis...........................................................................................204.3 Conclusion...........................................................................................................................264.4 Recommendation.................................................................................................................27REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................29APPENDIX....................................................................................................................................33

ABSTRACTTeenage pregnancy is considered to be an important topic that requires adequate amountof research. It can not only prove to be dangerous for the child but equally harmful for mother aswell. There is ongoing trend of becoming pregnant at such a tender age where the physical bodyof the mother is not mature enough to carry a baby in her womb has led to increase in mortalityrate. The mother requires pre-natal and post-natal care o that she can give birth to a healthy child.The research has been conducted on teenage pregnancy with the aim to explore the impact ofteenage pregnancy on physical health of mother. Various health conditions such as anaemia,haemorrhage etc has been discussed in the project so as to make it fruitful. A secondary researchhas been conducted to analyse varied aspects related to it. Based on the research it has beenanalysed that the mother requires adequate amount of care during her gestation period otherwiseshe can get attracted towards various life-threatening diseases. Based on it the mainrecommendation that has been provided in the report is that the pregnant women must stay incontact with the doctor continuously so that the condition can be assessed at an initial stage andtreatment can be extended accordingly.1

Topic: “To explore the impact of teenage pregnancy on physical health of mother-A study onthe UK and what can be improved with the knowledge”Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION1.1 OverviewTeenage pregnancy which is also known as adolescent pregnancy in the females who areunder the age of 20 (Baldwin and Edelman, 2013). A female can become pregnant if she getsinvolved in sexual intercourse and have started ovulating. It can be right before her firstmenstrual period or most commonly occur after it has already started. In the girls who intakeadequate amount of nutrition in their diet, first menstrual period usually takes place at the age of12 or 13 (Reese and Halpern, 2013). When a girl become pregnant before then age of 20, there are various physical and mentalrisk factors that can get attracted towards her. The risk factors become extreme if age of the girlis below 15 as they are less physically developed. It is difficult for them to sustain in a healthypregnancy or to give birth to a baby. Further, girls who get pregnant between the age of 15 – 19years, various socio-economic risks get attracted towards them (Blackman, 2013). Common riskfactors that have been observed in teenage pregnancy are, low weight of the baby at birth,premature labour and delivery, lack of iron and B12 due to extreme loss of blood, etc (Brandtand Rozin, 2013). Early motherhood can also have a significant impact on psychosocial development of thechild. Children who have been borne by teen mothers are at high risk of language, speech,intellectual and socio emotional delays (Reese and Halpern, 2013). Developmental disabilitiesare another common aspect that has been found in children from early teen girls (Arceo-Gómezand Campos-Vazquez, 2014).Prenatal and maternal health care is considered as one of the major concern amongteenage pregnant and parenting girls. The outcomes for the research suggested that lack of intakeof nutrients in prenatal period can risk to life of the girl as well as the child (Shefer, Bhana andMorrell, 2013). Nutritional deficiencies are common aspects where poor eating habits of the girlcan impact her pregnancy. Complication in pregnancy can result in death of young mothers.Teenage mothers are considered to have the poorest physical health in comparison to all othercategories of women. As per the reports, 77% of pregnancies at this age are unplanned. These arethe girls who have got involved in unprotected sex. They tend to neglect their health at the time2

of pregnancy and during their maternal period as well. Hence, they are at higher risk ofpreeclampsia, where blood pressure of the pregnant girl takes a sudden hike (Shefer, Bhana andMorrell, 2013). It also increases protein in urine. It commonly occurs after 20 weeks ofpregnancy. 1.2 Rationale of the researchIt is important for the researcher to understand the relevance of the research. The studymust hold some worth so that it can serve some specific purpose. Hence, it is necessary for thescholar to understand importance of the research and assess its importance in practical as well asacademical aspect (What Are the Effects of Teenage Pregnancy?, 2017). The researcher does nothave adequate knowledge regarding teenage pregnancy and want to develop the same whichattracted him towards studying the topic in effective manner. Further, increasing deaths of youngmother is another aspect where it has become important to understand the effects a girl have onher body when she becomes pregnant at such tender age. The present study will also help inanalysing the risk factors that can affect her normal body functioning. Further, the study will alsobe helpful in improving the current knowledge on the topic possessed by the researcher (Morrell,Bhana and Shefer, 2012). 1.3 Aim of the studyThe aim to the present study is “To explore the impact of teenage pregnancy on physical healthof mother”1.4 Objectives of the studyBased on the above stated aim, following objectives can be framed:To examine the physical impact by teenage pregnancy on the mother in the UKTo investigate which behaviours, pose a health risk at the time of teenage pregnancy formothers in the UKTo analyse the problem which is associate with the teenage pregnancy for mother To recommend the strategies to overcome health issues in teenage pregnancy To present recommendations on strategies which promote health for pregnant teenagers1.5 Research questionsBased on the above objectives, following research questions can be framed:What are the physical effects of teenage pregnancy on the mother in the UK and howcan they be best supported?3

What is the health risk faced at the time of teenage pregnancy in the UK?What is the problem which is associate with the teenage pregnancy?What strategies can be recommended to overcome health issues in teenage pregnancy?1.6 Significance of the researchTeenage pregnancy has become a common topic, not only in UK but in all over the world.It is important to make the assessment of physical effects of teenage pregnancy on the mother inthe UK. Further, it will also help in analysing that what all support can be extended to themduring their gestation period. The present research on teenage pregnancy will also be helpful ininvestigating behaviours that pose a health risk at the time of teenage pregnancy for mothers inthe UK. The research will also be helpful in analysing the problems that are associated withteenage pregnancy for mother. The research holds greater significance in recommending onstrategies which can assist in promoting health for pregnant teenagers. Hence, it is important forthe researcher to conduct a thorough study on teenage pregnancy. There are various other benefits that is attached to conducting the research. Some of themare mentioned below:Academically: The topic holds great importance in academic terms.There are variousaspects in the topic that are required to be understood by the researcher with respect toteenage pregnancy. It will help in making the knowledge to the current subject concrete.To ascertain risks: There are various mental and physical risks that are associated topregnancy. The study will be helpful in preparing assessment and recommending on thesame which can be adopted by the women prior and after their gestation period (Shefer,Bhana and Morrell, 2013).1.7 Limitations of the studyThere are various limitations of the study which is going to be conducted by researcher onteenage pregnancy. There are fewer chances of leading the study to utmost perfection as there arecertain constraints that are attached to the research. The major constraint is of time and budgetthat is available to the researcher. An important role is played by adequacy of investment that hasbeen incorporated to conduct the study. It helps in getting valuable and effective outcome.Further, there can be lack of secondary information due to restricted access to some importantwebsites which can barricade the knowledge of the researcher (Gyesaw and Ankomah, 2013). Italso restricts the learnings of the researcher towards stated subject matter. It is not possible to4

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