Essay on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Added on - 21 Apr 2020
Running head: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTEnvironmental Impact AssessmentName of the Student:Name of the University:Author note:
1ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTIntroductionThis essay clearly explains the concept of Environmental impact assessment (EIA), itprocedure and the how it is assessed in South Australia. The EIA of South Australia will be thencompared with the Environmental Impact assessment of UK. This essay follows a thoughtprocess of describing the concept and its procedures first and then discussing the way it isimplemented.Environmental impact assessmentis that process that identifies the social,environmental, and economic impacts of a proposal and helps in identification of right methodsthat can be used to reduce the impact. It facilitates submissions on that proposal. In section 46 to48 of the development, act 1993 major development or projects are prescribed.DiscussionAfter the declaration of SA minister logged an application for the referral to theDevelopment assessment commission. In this development process, DAC is responsible fordetermining the level of assessment that is required to be applied to the proposed development.Information gathering: screening, scoping consideration of alternatives are the steps in thissegment, the companies before beginning a project has to understand what kind of impact thedevelopment will have on the environment as well as the significance of those impacts has to beanalyzed. If the answer of the previous question is “yes” then EIA is required to beimplemented. This is the screening process, next is scoping where the issues are discussed thisstage deals with the second half of the aforementioned question. This process helps the companychannelize the resources in the proper direction to keep up with issue.Important assessment and mitigation measures: this involves the impact prediction andimpact assessment followed by the mitigation process that is required. After collecting
2ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTinformation the prediction of the alterations are analyzed followed by the assessment to makepolicies and formulate strategies to combat the issue. The assessment process helps to come to aconclusion and solution to the problem as well. Mitigation is the implementation of themeasures. A mitigation measures design is regarded to be successful when it eliminates all theenvironmental impacts. The result of an EIA is usually in form of a formal document this isknown as anenvironmental impact statement(EIS). On the other hand, In EIA procedure ofUnited Kingdom the emphasis is given to the requirement of preliminary consultation by thedeveloper with the bodies that take interest in the impact of the proposal of development. Theintention behind the preliminary consultation is to avoid major issues that might becomehindrance in the later stages of the development process (Environmental Impact Assessment -GOV.UK, 2017)Review and report: In South Australia the relevant authority carries out the reviewprocess. The review procedure should allow the decision-maker to decide whether the EIS issufficient for example: is the format legally compliant or not, whether the information issufficient, and whether it is balanced.One thing that is different from the EIA procedure ofSouth Australia is prior consultation is given importance. This done ensure that the site can beselected. The developers then put up an application for any development project. The developersand the authorities discuss the scope of the environmental statement before the project is started.The federal EIA regime in South Australia has three stages the first being the referral, thesecond being the assessment and the third is approval.
3ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTReferralActions proposed by any one which have a considerate impact on a particular matter thatis protected under part 3 of EPBC Act, generally they are needed until the action has beendropped so that the details can be referred of actions to the federal environment minister.Whenever any referral is made it is very important that the minister approves the action. For thisthe minister has to determine that the action has significant impact on part 3 of the EPBC Act.This decision is called as controlled action decision and if it needs approval then it is calledcontrolled action. While taking decisions there are three choices that the minister has, the actionis a controlled action, the action is not a controlled action or the action is not a controlled actionhas been carried out in a certain way.AssessmentWhen the action is taken as a controlled action the minister needs to take a decision onhow the action will be assessed. As per the EPBC act there are five options for assessment.Actions are also assessed by a method of another accredited federal process, or by state ofterritory process.ApprovalAfter the completion of assessment the minister is required to take decision on whetheraction can be approved or not. The minister considers the economic and social factors, that arerelated to the action and the impact it puts on the environment. After the action is given approvalthe minister attaches the enforceable conditions for protection, repair and to mitigation ofdamage to the issue that helped the approval requirement.