Formative assessment.

Added on - 22 Sep 2019

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Formative assessmentActivity 1Question 1The day time nap is needed by children to promote their physical and mental development. The daytime nap is also required for maintaining the energy level among children.Activity 3Question 2The children sleep comfortably when the temperature is maintained at proper level. In a very hot day,the child should wear light clothes and temperature of the sleeping area will be controlled at thecomfortable level.Activity 5Question 2The toilet training is a complex task and it has different social implications. Therefore,developing the right toileting habits is necessary to make the child able to adjust with thesocial life. The toilet training is important to grow the right toileting habits among children.The toilet training among children is important due to the following reasons—Making the child able to develop social skills associated with toiletMaking them able to identify the signs related to toileting needsMaking the child able to adjust in school and other social situationsDeveloping healthy and hygienic practices among childrenSummative assessment 1Question 4The reasons for involving one or two educators when a child is first transitioning from home tochildcare center –
1.Making the adjustments easier for children-- The transitioning from the home to the care centre is acrucial phase for the children. While visiting the care centres, they need to stay in an unfamiliarenvironment for long hours. For the children, coping with such changes can be emotionally stressful. Insuch situations, involving one or two educators to take care of the children can be effective. In the initialdays, meeting too many new people at once can be overwhelming for the children. On the contrary,dealing with one or two educators makes the situation easier for the children and helps them to getfamiliar with the new place gradually.2.Developing Trust among children-- During the first transition period, gaining trust of the children isnecessary. In the first days of transition, if children find the first one or two educators empathetic,developing close relationship with others in the care center becomes easier for them.Factors affecting sleep among babies--. About four months on babies sleep less during the day and babies will start to take a nap through thenight from 6–8 months. However, the following factors can affect the sleep of a child—TemperatureExposure to light-- Excessive light at the sleeping area can affect sleep of a child (Meltzer &Mindell, 2007).Health status—The sleep pattern of a child changes with the developmental stages. Forinstance, the children can have interrupted sleeping during teething.References:Meltzer, L. J., & Mindell, J. A. (2007). relationship between child sleep disturbances and maternal sleep,mood, and parenting stress: a pilot study. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(1), 67.Question 10Role of physical interactions in emotional and language development--The physical interactions helpthe children to create emotional bonding with the adults. When the children are hold or patted, theyfeel cared, safe and secured. It, in turn, creates strong attachment with the adults. When the childrendevelop close attachment with the adults, they get to know new emotions such as affection, empathyand it helps them in emotional development. The language skill of a child is developed through socialinteraction. The physical interaction with adults can be considered as a form of social interaction and so,it can lead to language development.Role of exploratory experiences in emotional and language development--The exploratory experiencesmake the children familiar with the world and provide them new knowledge. As the children know newitems, they try to express it through verbal communication. It helps them in language development. Theexploratory experiences also create new emotions among the children such as curiosity, satisfaction andindependence. It, in turn, leads to emotional development. For instance, the 7 month old children canmove through crawling. Putting them on floor with a mat and a number of toys can encourage them to
reach the toys. It will be a completely new experience for them and will help them to learn moremovements.Question 12SIDS or the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is the incident of death of an infant within sleep. The SIDS isalso referred as the crib death(WebMD, 2019). The SIDS can occur among the children who are below 1year. Different factors can cause SIDS including—Health issues such as any defect in the brainAge of the children-- the risk of SIDS remains high for the children below 6 months.Positioning of children during sleepPresence of respiratory issues-- The respiratory issues can obstruct breathing, cause oxygendeficiency and death.Secondhand smoking can also cause breathing issues among children and can cause deathduring sleep.Use of safe sleep practices can reduce the risk of SIDS. The Safe Sleep Practices can include—Using secured and well-fitting cushions during sleep can reduce the risk of chocking as well asthe risk of death. It should be ensured that the children are sleeping on a firm surface.Use of small wearable blankets also reduces the risk of respiratory obstructions. As an effect,the risk of SIDS also reduces.The risk of breathing issues and death can reduce when the baby sleeps on back.Reference:WebMD. (2019). 10 Steps to Help Prevent SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome). Retrieved fromhttps://www.webmd.com/parenting/sids-preventionQuestion 13As per the UN Conventions on the Rights of Child (UNCRC) , the rights of children across the worldrequire being protected. The UN conventions also give importance on enforcing the rights of childrenlegally across the world. The UN Convention has mentioned five types of rights which include theeconomic, cultural, health, social and civil rights (Gillett-Swan & Coppock, 2016). There are 54 articles inthe Convention which demonstrate rights of the children. According to the convention, a human beingcan be considered as a child until he/she becomes 18 years old or attains the age of majority as per thenational legislation. The UN mentioned the following five fundamental rights for children—The right to lifeRight to existenceRight to developmentRight of protection from any sort of violenceRight to be protected from abuse, violence and negligence
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