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Running head: GLOBAL WARMINGGlobal Warming
GLOBAL WARMING2Global warmingGlobal warming (Dai et al., 2013) occurs when there is increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature. The reason for which is increase in the level of greenhouse gases such ascarbon dioxide (CO2), coming from burning of fossil fuels or from deforestation, this traps heat the heat which would have escaped from earth in absence of these gases. This is known as a type of ‘greenhouse effect’ (Samimi et al., 2012).The main greenhouse gas is water vapour which is not produced directly by human beings. Even little increase in levels of carbon dioxide can lead to increase in temperature. The basic reason for this is that, CO2 remains in atmosphere for a very long time which could be hundreds of years. And water vapour can get condensed easily and even evaporate dependingupon the local conditions. Currently, almost half of the amount of CO2 which is released by the burning of fossil fuels is there in the atmosphere and the rest is absorbed by the green cover on planet and the oceans. Scientists of Intergovernmental panel on Climate which are researching on the subject of global warming have recently predicted that there could be increase in average global temperature which could be in between 1.4 and 5.8 degrees Celsius by the year 2100. Global warming has become representative of other issues in following ways: (Hardoy et al., 2014)- Prevalence of stormsThe increase in temperature of water especially sea water leads to formation of storms of great intensity and frequency. For example- Haiyan a super typhoon which destroyed
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