Health Policy Assignment

Added on - 29 Apr 2020

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Running head: NEO-LIBERALISM ON HEALTH POLICIESNeo-Liberalism on Health PoliciesName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor note
1NEO-LIBERALISM ON HEALTH POLICIESNowadays many scholars are paying attention to researching on various aspects of theglobalizing phenomenon along with its origins. The term, neoliberal carries two ideas. ‘Neo’means new and ‘liberal’ means liberated from any kind of government interventions. Neoliberalshave an interest to offer a reason to limit the government activities to the marketplace. Thisparadigm rests on the beliefs already present in the effectiveness of the free market and theembracing of the policies that prioritizes the deregulation, privatization of public sector, foreigndebt reduction and prevailing attitude of individual responsibilities and emergency safety net;thus, replacing the collective provision through a residual welfare state (Hawthorne 2012). Thatis why; neo-liberalism seeks its ways to put together the self-conduct of the governed into thepractices of the government and through the promotion of likewise suitable techniques of self.Neo-liberalism constructs its ways in a way in which the individuals are needed to presupposethe status of being the subjects of their own lives and the entrepreneurial self. These philosophieshave been used as a critic of State reason in an attempt to legitimize the mineralization of thestate according to its reorganization through the corporatization and privatization.The neo-liberalism in Australian context is seen as the neo-liberalism influenced themajority of the current reforms in Australia in health policies. According to scholars, neo-liberaleconomic policies were majorly adopted and later implemented by Labor governments underHawke leadership between the years of 1983 to 1991. Those policies were continued by Keatingfrom 1991 to 1996, and were present in the later Howard led Coalition government’s agenda.Designing and implementing the healthcare system reforms were also deeply prejudiced byglobal neo-liberal trends. The idea of neo-liberalism has resulted in the initiative, that the state islacking efficiency where as private markets are further cost-effective and purchaser friendly.Neo-liberalism emphasizes the function of uncontrolled markets and a negligible welfare state
2NEO-LIBERALISM ON HEALTH POLICIESwith government being majorly restricted in its attempts to interfere to alleviate the off-puttingeffects of market forces regarding health and social welfare. Therefore the spirit of neoliberalhealth-care information is cost cutting, and can be said that, decentralizing to the provinciallevels than the national levels and setting healthcare up as a private good for sale rather than apublic good remunerated for with tax dollars. The neoliberal philosophies are illustrated by thespecific terminology that prevails in discussions including Australian healthcare system, deficitcutting, spending cuts, downsizing, dismantling, inefficiencies, moribund welfare state, closures,chopping services, for profit healthcare and many more being forced to make various difficultpolicy choices, justified sacrifices and unfortunate necessities.Neo-liberalism is generally professed as a fundamental change to the philosophy behindthe welfare state. From the year of 1980, neo-liberalism has steadily moved the political debatein Australia towards the essential consumptions of its principles, that is to say the idea of freemarket without any constraints obligatory by the state (Berg et al. 2013). The production ofgoods and also the distribution through such a market are viewed as mainly principled andhonest alternative contained by the neoliberal viewpoint that does not differentiate betweenregular consumer commodities and public supplies like healthcare. Then, the Keynesian conceptof the welfare state, socialism and social justice are condemned as incompetent and unfair withinthe neoliberal paradigm. The neoliberals look at the citizens initially as rational consumers of thepublic goods with healthcare as one of these goods. It is also seen that this philosophy places theimportance on the individual and shared errands rather than on the rights and thus fails todifferentiate among the roles of clients and citizens. In other ways, it can be said that, thisphenomenon of Health Consumerism suggests that varieties of strategies for involvement atvarious levels like decision making, evaluating outcomes and defining the needs as well as being
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