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Assignment Hierarchy of Power in Australia’s Healthcare System

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Added on  2020-04-01

Assignment Hierarchy of Power in Australia’s Healthcare System

   Added on 2020-04-01

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Assignment Hierarchy of Power in Australia’s Healthcare System_1
INTRODUCTIONIn this discussion, we will confer about hierarchy and power and how they are fundamental in Australia’s existing health care system. To have clarity about the same, we discuss about the concept of sociology and describe its perspectives. We further discuss biomedical model of health which is one of the most accepted model of the 20th century. Moving forward, we discuss in details both our primary topics i.e. hierarchy and power and theories which explains both. Lastly, we have given description about modern Australia’s health care system and how all the above discussed concepts apply and affect distinct people in distinct communities which are divided so because of hierarchy and power. Hence, by discussing all these topics in details our aim of comprehensible understanding of the inheritance of hierarchy and power in recent health care system existing in Australia will be clear.CONCEPT OF SOCIOLOGY AND ITS PERPECTIVESSociology is the organized learning of the expansion, communication, composition and combined conduct of structured groups of individuals. It is one of the divisions of social sciencesthat scrutinizes and describes significant events related to individual’s lives, their groups and the humanity as a whole (Department of Sociology, 2017). It provides a distinguishing and informative means of perception of the social world that affects an individual’s behavior and his life. The sociology of health and illness describes the relationship between health and the society at large. This particular study helps medical practitioners across the world to ascertain the causes and to prescribe the correct treatment of diseases as it enables them to relate the diseases with sociological factors. Certain diseases are more widespread in a particular area whereas only few people get affected from the same in other areas. Socio-economic factors such as religion, culture, cast, creed, ethnic background, education etc greatly affects individuals as far as their health and sickness are concerned.Further, we discuss different approaches to the said concept also known as sociological perspectives of health and health care. Created by Talcott Parsons, the functionalist approach stresses on being healthy and highlights the importance of valuable health care. They both are indispensable for a community to function resourcefully. ‘Sick role’ which a person performs, when he becomes ill excuse him from performing his duties and impairs normal operation of 2
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society. The role of hierarchy is also well established in the said approach between the sick person and medical practitioner. The latter is responsible for confirming sick role of an individual who is then exempted from performing his duties and is also responsible for the treatment of the former. Societal disparities and capitalism are the focal point of conflict perspective. It takes into consideration disparities that groups or communities face on various grounds such as cast, culture and sexual category. Standard of living depends on an individual’s education. An educated person is bound to be healthier with awareness of the accessibility of medical care services as compared to less educated individuals (Lee, 2017). Profits are the main reason of running private health care services and rich people are given preference over poor. This particular approach directed medical practitioners to consider about providing more equalityamongst distinct groups as far as health is concerned. However, the symbolic interactionist perspective highlights illness as societal interpretation than just a medicinal state. As per this model, individual’s forms prejudiced philosophy for distinctive ailments. It helps medical practitioner in eliminating the disgrace which ill people faces and helps them in getting not only therapeutic healing but also collective and psychological assistance.EXPLAINATION OF THE BIOMEDICAL MODELBiomedical model is the leading model in most of the western countries which relates health with only biological factors. It takes into consideration only the bodily or biological causes of an illness. The role of patient in the said model is considered to be submissive with detection of infection or ailment through health care professional’s knowledge of symptoms and other variousinvestigative tools (Jkonoroth, 2013). Further, appropriate procedures are taken in ameliorating the health through proper course of treatment by the health care professionals. This model has progressed through several years with advancement in medicinal knowledge and healing (Smith, 2017). Health analysis and treatment are done irrespective of other factors including standard of living and concentrates only on physical aspects. Accounting for over 90% of government healthcare funding, it is by far the most prevailing model. Health professionals play major role with anticipation of treating the ailment. Blood test, ultrasound, x-rays are some of the examples of the said model. Progression in technology, successful treatment of routine issues, expansion of life expectancy and overall enhancement in standard of living are some of the advantages of said 3
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