The Impact of New Research on Cloning

Added on - May 2020

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Running head: CLONINGCLONINGName of the student:Name of the university:Author note:
1CLONINGCloning can be defined as the process by which exact identical copies or organisms canbe prepared. Clones are these organisms which have exactly same copies. They are done with thehelp of asexually reproducing bacteria who help in producing several copies of the same motherDNA (Brown, 2016). This can then be inserted in egg for normal development of organisms orother techniques can be also performed to produce individuals artificially. This is quite aninteresting topic for me as humans have garnered the power of producing new lives without thehelp of the almighty by following exceptional innovative way inside the laboratory itself.For a large number of years from 1958 to 1996, transfer of the donor nuclei from cellspresent in the early embryos were carried out to develop new cells with the help of egg cells inthe receiver. During this time, scientists discovered that cells can be at first modified and thenthey can undertake the nucleic transfer process to produce new organisms. However all thesewere done from embryonic stages until 277 experiments were carried out in 1996 and one ofthem produced Dolly which is a successful clone of an entire organism (Engler et al. 2014). Themain exceptional feature that needs to be noted was that this experiment showed thatdifferentiated adult cell can also be used to produce organisms successfully. Usually embryoniccells can activate any gene but differentiated adult cells cannot do so as their genetic informationneeded to be reset to embryonic stage. This reset process remain incomplete usually but in caseof dolly, it somehow clocked and dolly was born.Cloning has a proper relationship with biochemistry. When a clone is produced bymitosis, genetic content of the newer cell is identical to the older cell as the cell remains derivedfrom single ancestor cell. As the process is related with reproduction procedures of animals, it
2CLONINGcan be considered as biological process (Rodriguez & Denhardt, 2014). As the scientists developthe ability to alter the different genetic makeup of organisms towards greater benefit of human inmedicine and agriculture, therefore to is highly related with biology and also chemistry.Therefore in chemistry, it can be considered as a replica of all parts or certain parts ofmacromolecule like that of deoxyribonucleic acids. Hence, cloning can be applied in biology andin chemistry.The process of cloning is impacting in an individual scientist by making him come into afamous debate. It may affect an individual by making him suffer from an ethical dilemma whichwould be based on the acceptance or rejection of the concept. While some scientists believe it tobe ethical as it opens many new fields of experiments and inventions (Tang et al., 2014). Manyothers believe that they are unethical and inhumane as it affects the dignity of real organisms inthe world. Also bringing lives in the world for ultimate sacrifices are unethical as well. Thereforean individual may be entangled in the dilemma. To me, I feel it has a very positive impact as Ican foresee myself as an exceptional scientist who is working on production of new organs formlive animals. These organs would help citizens by successfully replacing their nonfunctionalbody organs and giving then new lives to live for. For its impact on society, it is seen that itwould help in large scale production of food and medicines which will increase life expectancyand make lives comfortable. Moreover many rare species can be saved and their species numbercan be maintained. However, it also s negative impacts. It is a very expensive process andmoreover it will create huge population in different nations which might become unmanageable.These will create impact on economy and pressure on natural resources (Valarik et al., 2014).There will also be lack of genetic diversity and may affect thereligious and spiritual beliefs ofpeople which might destroy their religious beliefs.
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