Impact of Tourism on Hospitality Industry Essay

Added on -2020-07-23

| 16 pages| 5514 words| 1323 views

Trusted by 2+ million users,
1000+ happy students everyday

Showing pages 1 to 4 of 16 pages

TOURISM CONCEPTTourism is considered to be one of the most important aspects of economy. It has thecapacity to generate billions of revenues and provide employment to millions of peopleworldwide. Tourism is referred as an act of travel for mainly relaxation and other purposes.World Tourism Organization has defined tourists as the people who stay and travel to placesoutside their usual environment for leisure, business, recreation or any other purposes. It gives anopportunity to people to explore new culture, meet new people belonging to different state orcountry and perform fun as well as adventurous activities at different destinations. The essaymakes a comprehensive discussion of Maldives, as the most preferred destination by the touriststhese days. The essay will also discuss regarding different perspectives of positioning tourism inmodern societies and the reason of being the first preference of tourist destination by millenniumdestination. To make the base of knowledge concrete, impact of tourism on hospitality industrywill also be discussed. Moreover, different factors affecting the core life of people living inMaldives will also be ascertained for better understanding purposes. In the end, the essay willdiscus regarding life cycle stage of tourism with respect to Maldives.According to Bowen, Zubair and Altinay (2016), tourism industry of the country supportsand aids foreign exchange reserves. Hence, a strong benefiting impact has been assessed ongenerating foreign currency as well. A large chunk of people visits, stay and shop in a countrywhich ultimately contribute in the foreign currency generation. It is also considered to be acontinual source of generating income. Varied amount of tax is charged by the government indifferent forms which is called as government revenue. This industry has been able to generatejobs in hotel, hospitality, service sector, transportation and entertainment sector. It helps inencouraging infrastructure development in city in the form of roads, dams, connectivity,commutation facilities and airport improvements so that the best possible facilities can beprovided to tourists when they visit to a country, state or city. Apart from financial and economicdevelopment, a major impact of tourism has been noticed on societal progress as well where anindividual visiting from other country can be made aware regarding cultures and traditionsfollowed by it. Adequate amount of exposure can be given to local skills, art and language aswell. 1
One such destination is Maldives island. The island is said to be located at South West ofSri Lanka in the Indian Ocean. Tourism is considered to be one of the largest economic industryin Maldives. It has been involved in earning foreign exchange revenues and generate highemployment rate in tertiary sector of the country. The archipelago of Maldives is considered tobe a prime source of attraction for tourists visiting country from worldwide. Maldives isconsidered to be a country which is being made up of around 1200 island. Around 200 of themare inhabited and remaining have been used to build tourist resorts. Some are used by externalcompanies and the left ones are used for fisheries and other basic purposes. The tourismcompany of Maldives is known as MTD (Maldives Tourism Development Corporation), whichis responsible for taking all tourism based decisions for the country. Maldives is one of thosenations who have joined the agenda 21 Millennium development goals and Johannesburg for itseffective implementation with the aim to promote tourism in the country. Another objective of2020 launch is to promote sustainability in the environment so that it can be preserved formaximum number of years.Positivism in tourism has been spread very widely, that it is associated with thepsychology as well economy of the tourism. As per Page (2014), behaviourist approaches arereferred with the concept of classical positivism which further helps in determining variousmodelling approaches that can actually help the tourism adopt in Maldives, in a way that it seemsattractive enough for the tourists It has been now modified in a way that it ensures to exclude theearlier concept of the positivist theory just to make the tourism efficient and attractive enough inMaldives. For example, Thomas cook has adopted this approach to make their tourism moreeffective and interactive. It has developed this approach in order to satisfy the customers to ahuge extent. This can be achieved by involving and focusing all the complexities, tourists facein tourist destinations and then on working on the same so that the tourists who come inMaldives do not have to face any complexity or any such complex situation. In contrast to this,Kundur (2012) says Political economy perspectives has a different concept that also considersthe limitations of the positivism. It means, it covers all those aspects as well that are not possiblewithin the positivism. Also, the political economy perspectives involve all the complexitiesregarding the capitalist and power reproduction as well, which further helps in shaping thetourism in Maldives along with the factors that have a high influence over the tourism. 2
In tourism, the political economy approach has mainly its focus on two strands and theseare the impact of regulation approach and the specified contradictions. The theory of regulationrefers to the relationship between economic and the political features that can increase the focuson fulfilling all the requirements in Maldives such as completing all the legislative requirementsso that the tourism there can be stay maintained and also, manage the safety and security of thetourists in order to provide them a comfortable stay. However, it can be evaluated that thesemodifications in the political and economy perspectives can actually help in shaping the tourismbetter in Maldives so that they can be able to attract as many tourists and also satisfy them byproviding every possible facility. It will help in maintaining and increase the rate of tourism inMaldives and also gaining a huge number of tourists as well as the productivity. According toTelfer and Sharpley (2015), postmodernism has also been considered as one of those old theorieswhich can be implemented in order to position the tourism within a huge amount of tourists. Italso implies the concept of decision making and a specified categorization in which it is to beensured that all the modified processes which is to be included such as to maximize the touristrate in Maldives, the authorities can sit together before and on the basis of the requirement ofpeople, can decide what changes are to be implemented and what new processes are to beinvolved in a way such that there can be the availability of resources in Maldives that can fulfillthe basic aspects of tourists who come to spend holidays in Maldives. Whether it may be relatedto the food, safety, maintenance etc., these should be well managed in order to satisfy thepurpose of tourists in Maldives. It is because when a tourist comes to a destination, these factorsare only ones that satisfies or disappoints them. So, these should be managed efficiently in orderto make the tourism in Maldives better. Also, the Cox and Kings have been successful enough inmaintaining the safety of the tourists and along with that, also has managed the focus onproviding healthy food and other basic requirements of the customers, so that customers canhave a happy visit. Also, to this, the customers have a better response as well.Morrison, (2013) says, there have been found some gaps in aspect of the culturalgeo graphics of the tourism in Maldives, so the postmodernism also focuses on that to cover upall these gaps and make it able enough to represent the cultural factors and values as well. Incontrast to this, de-Miguel-Molina, de-Miguel-Molina and Rumiche-Sosa (2011) says themobilities perspective focuses on the fact that some sociological approaches have been failedthat they were not even able to represent the importance of various mobilities in tourism. So, for3

Found this document preview useful?

You are reading a preview
Upload your documents to download
Become a Desklib member to get accesss

Students who viewed this