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IoT Revolutionizing Agriculture: A Study on Climate Field View Pro

   

Added on  2019-09-19

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1.Introduction. (5 marks)- 750Clarity of dissertation scope, aims, objectives and research question(s)2.Literature review. (20 marks) – 3000 wordsUse and critical understanding of relevant literature/theory Project Aims The Internet of Things can be considered as a novel paradigm shift in the field of IT. The term Internet of Things” is well-known shortly as IoT where the first word stands for “Internet” and the second word stands for “Things”. Internet has been well-known as a global system of variousinterconnected computer networks that can be used as the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) and can easily be served as the billions of users present worldwide. Internet can be defined as the network of networks consisting of the various public, private, academic, business and government networks, ranging from local to global scope. This can easily be linked by a plethora of wireless, electronic, optical networking technologies etc. The internet has been able to link a total of 100 countries making it easier to exchange data, opinions, news etc. If the Internet World Statistics were to be believed, as of 31st December 2011, there were over 2, 267, 233, 742 Internet users worldwide representing that around 33% of the total population of the world is using Internet. While discussing the “Things” in the Internet of Things, it can comprise of any person or object which can easily be distinguished from the real world. The day to day objects will also include the electronic devices that are encountered and used daily and other technologically advanced products like gadgets, equipment etc. The Internet of Things has matured from its origin and it continuing to be one of the most hyped concept in the IT world. The term Internet of Things (IoT) has gained momentum from the last decade and has attracted the attention of the world by
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projecting the vision of the global infrastructure of enabling the anytime, anyplace connectivity for anything along with providing a networked physical objects and not only for any one. Therefore, the Internet of Things can be considered as a global network allowing the communication between human-to-human, things-to-things and human-to-things providing unique identity to every object possible. The term IoT has been described as a world which can help in connecting as well as communicating with various human, things etc. in an intelligent fashion. The humans of our generation are concerned about being connected with one another in terms of the electronic devices like tablets, computers, servers, smart phones, telephones etc. This is therefore termed as the Internet of Things, actuators, sensors that are embedded in the physical objects from the roadways to the pacemakers- these are therefore linked using the wireless and wired networks which are often used with the same Internet IP connecting to the Internet. All these networks will be seen to churn out huge volumes of data flowing to the computers for the further analysis. It is seen that once the objects are able to sense the environment and then communicate accordingly, they are seen to become a tool for understanding the complexity of the program and therefore will respond to it in a very swift manner. It can be seen that the whole function is highly revolutionary and these physical information systems on being deployed are able to work largely without the intervention of the humans. The Internet of Things can refer to as the coding and networking of everyday objects and things for rendering them to machine-readable and traceable individually on the Internet. The applications of the Internet of Things is seen to encompass the diverse sections like healthcare, agriculture, retail, environment, infrastructure monitoring, supply chain management.The application of IoT in agriculture is seen to include the soil and plant monitoring, control system monitoring of food chain supply. However, the networking of things is seen to cost-
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effective and highly useful towards the end users who are willing to accept and wide scale adoption of IOT. The IOT and its worldwide network of intercommunicating the devices will helping integrating the pervasive computing along with the ambient intelligence. The ultimate purpose of vision is to provide the basic facilities for new applications like transport safety systems, energy monitoring etc. and helps in connecting to the objects of the world in both the sensory as well as the intelligent manner by combining the technological developments like wireless sensor networks and embedded systems. Various technologies like Machine to machine interface, Energy harvesting technologies, Protocols of electronic communication, actuators, GPS, sensors, software etc. are seen to contribute to the IOT development. Smart AgricultureThe world of agriculture is undergoing intense industrialization and therefore it is highly important to develop the agricultural informationizaton in a simultaneous manner. The world agriculture has also been looking forwards to the Agricultural informationization which can be considered as a major force which will promote the agricultural development and the whole transformation. Furthermore, it comes across as a corner stone for sustaining as well as maintaining sound economic development. The past few decades have focused on the agricultural information service and infrastructure development. In order to improve the farm productivity in agriculture, there is a need to understand and forecast the crop performance under a variety of environmental soil, irrigation, fertilisation conditions. The same data-driven approach for the selection of crop can help in addressing the issues like climate change, societal concerns revolving around issues like fertilizers, animal welfare, resource constraints (water, labour, and energy shortages), and environment impactingthe agricultural production.
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According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization, the food production is seen to be increased by 60 percent by 2050 in order to fulfil the feeding needs of the growing population which is exceeding to reach over 9 billion. There is a urgent need of increased crop productivity and can be considered as the cornerstone of any solution in order to meet the issues related to meeting the food storage and other farm profitability issues. The art of smart farming and smart agriculture is solely dependent on the Internet of Things (IoT) and other related big data analytics in order to address the challenges using the electronic monitoring of crops, soil, environment, irrigation conditions. This type of monitoring data will further help in analysing the identification of specific crops or crop varieties in order to meet the productivity targets ofany special or particular form in the world. The Smart Agriculture is seen to have combined the capabilities and even analysed the data streams which will in turn help the farmers in making highly informed decision-making in their real-time as well as fast reaction towards the changes and various other unpredictable events. For example, a study has combined the sensory data related to the soil fertility along with the various web services related to the weather forecasting. This way better decisions canbe made regarding the fertilization and irrigation of the crops. BIG DATA AND AGRICULTURENow-a-days the farming has become digitalized. Even the small scale farmers uses the information gathered from the precision agricultural equipment and from large datasets and precision analytics. John Deere fits all of its tractors with sensors that is helpful in collecting information about the soil and crop conditions. This information helps the farmers to decide where to plant crops. The information collected from the John Deere tractors are not openly accessible by farmers. The use of large information sets and the digital tools for collecting,
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