Factors influencing new graduate nurse burnout development, job satisfaction, and patient care quality

Added on -2020-02-19

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Master in Nursing1
Title and Abstract: Title of the research paper is matching with the its content. In this study, factors influencingnurse burnout and job satisfaction with patient quality care was studied. Aim of the study isclearly mentioned in the abstract of the paper. Aim of the study was to study nurse’sperceptions of manager’s authentic leadership behaviours on structural empowerment, short-staffing and work–life interference. Influence of these factors was studied on the nurseburnout, job satisfaction and patient care quality. Objective of this study is not mentioned inthis research paper. Abstract of this research paper contains all the information like aims,background, research design, sample, instruments and findings. However, objective andhypothesis of the study is not clearly mentioned in the abstract. Mentioned study design inthis research paper is time-lagged study which is used to study developmental changes.Sample size is clearly mentioned at time 1 of the study. Both number of incumbent andrespondent nurses are mentioned at time 1. However, at time 2, incumbent and respondentnurses are not clearly mentioned in the abstract. Statistical tool like SPSS used for analysis isclearly mentioned in the abstract. Structural equation modelling in Mplu is also clearlymentioned in the abstract. Results of the study are clearly mentioned in the abstract. Itincludes positive effect of authentic leadership on structural empowerment which decreasesshort-staffing and work-life interference. It is also helpful in reducing nurse-burnout,increasing job satisfaction and augmentation in the quality of care to the patient. Structuring of the study: This study was designed based on the literature review. Avolio and Gardner’s (2005) theoryof authentic leadership, Kanter’s (1993) theory of structural empowerment and Maslach andLeiter’s (1997) theory of burnout were used as the theoretical basis for the stating hypothesisand designing the study. Mentioned studies in the literature are not comprehensive. Details ofthese studies are not mentioned in the literature review. If studies would have been mentionedwith number of participants, evaluation parameters used and statistical tools used for analysis,it would have clarified validity of these studies in relation to the current study. Almost all thestudies used as a basis for designing this study are below 10 years. Mentioned studies arerelevant to the current study because studies mentioned for each factor are related to nursingprofession. Studies from the different geographical areas and from different hospital settingscould have been better in the literature review. Time-lagged survey was carried out byrandomly collecting the samples. Hypothesis was stated for each of the factor like manager’s2
authentic leadership behaviour on structural empowerment, structural empowerment on short-staffing, short-staffing on work–life interference, structural empowerment on work–lifeinterference, short-staffing on the nurse burnout, work–life interference on the nurse burnout,nurse burnout on job satisfaction and patient care quality and job satisfaction on patient carequality. Scientific hypothesis was tested for each of the factors influencing another factor.From the stated hypothesis, it is evident the researcher wishes to test relationship betweendifferent groups and not the difference among the groups (Nishishiba and Jones, 2013). Sample:Sample selection is clearly mentioned in the research paper. Approximately 400 nurses formeach of the 10 Canadian provinces were incorporated. Total nurses incorporated in this studywere 3743. Out of these total nurses, 1020 nurses responded at the time 1 and 406 of the time1 responded at the time 2. Selection criteria for nurses was also mentioned in the researchpaper. Nurses within 3 years of nursing experience were selected in this study. However,significance or basis of number of nurses incorporated in this study was not mentioned in thisresearch paper. Hence, it would be difficult to predict whether selected number ofparticipants would give statistically significant results. Data collection:Observation, use of instruments, and questionnaires are different methods which are useful inresearch studies. In such studies, data can be collected by conducting interviews and byproviding questionnaires (Chen et al., 2015). In this study, it was evident that data wascollected by using data collection tool like Dillman method which comprises ofquestionnaires. In such studies, validity of the data can be decided based on the qualifiedperson incorporated in the data collection procedure. However, it was not mentioned whocollected the data. All the data are adequately described in the research paper with theincorporation of method of measurement of each variable, scale used for its measurement andlower and upper limit of measurement. However, description of the scales for each variableare mentioned only for upper and lower limit. For example, in case of short staffing,description is provided only for lower limit (1) which is ‘never’ and for upper limit (5) whichis ‘daily’. In this case of short staffing, description for 2, 3 and 4 are not provided. Hence, itwould be difficult to assess the results for these points in the 5-point Likert scale. In thisstudy, different scales were used to study different factors, however validation of these scaleswere not done prior to initiation of this study. All these tests are subjective tests, hence, there3

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