Overweight & Obesity In UK | Report

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RESEARCH HEALTHPROJECT
Table of ContentsTITLE : Healthy Eating Reduces Obesity in Children in UK.........................................................3ABSTRACT.....................................................................................................................................3INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3LITERATURE REVIEW................................................................................................................4RESEARCH QUESTIONS, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES............................................................10METHODS....................................................................................................................................11DISCUSSION................................................................................................................................20CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................20REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................21
TITLE :Healthy Eating Reduces Obesity in Children in UKABSTRACTObesity in childrens are characterised as abnoral conditions or excessive consumption offood that affects the health of children's.It is a medical condition that affects the health ofchildren and the teenagers. Everyone has a capacity in their body according to which they canstore fats in their body. Overweight and obesity is becoming a major issue in UK. The childrenin UK are mostly affected by this disease and their number is increasing on a regular basis.Themain objectiveis to prevent the obesity from the children in UK by making them awareabout theeffects of not consuming healthy food.Excess consumption of fast food can lead to oppositereaction in our body and this can lead to store fats in the body parts and that will give rise tomany problems and the body will become unhealthy. The methods which can be helpful inreducing child obesity includes the following aspects:Encourage healthyeating habitsamong the children this small step can improve thehealthy to much greater extent.Childrens should be encouraged to consume healthy foods asthese food helps in keeping the body fit and healthy.INTRODUCTIONIt is a popular saying that you are what you eat. Your eating habits reflects on your body.Taking a healthy diet provides number of nutrients and these are available in vegetables, they arelow in fat and neitherhave cholesterol nor calories (Bieringand et. al 2012).Eating healthy foodreduces so many diseases that a person invites when they eat junk food. The diseases such asheart strokes, obesity, prevents from cancer, blood pressure remains in control, diabetes etc. thechildhood obesity has been a major issue in UK these days. It has become a global issue. Thisneeds to be controlled as soon as possible. For this everybody has to be aware because obesityitself is a disease that invites various problems. So to get rid of it and have a healthy body is theutmost objective.The report contains the study about the perception about the eating habits ofthe children of UK and what are the harmful benefits that they are facing because of obesity. Inthis report variousmethods will be discussed along with the literature review and accordinglyrecommendations are given.
LITERATURE REVIEWLiterature Review are the text which includes the present knowledge about the findingsand contribution towards the particular topic. They are the base for conducting any research inany field according to the chosen topic. They are the secondary sources and does not study anywork which is first hand or originally done. Narrow scope literatures reviews are considered asthe part of peer revised journals. Literature reviews also contains the study of persons who aredoing graduation or post graduation which includes their work in context to the related researchtopic. The thesis students have prepared in evaluation of research also plays an important role inresearch study.According toCorsino and et. al., (2012)The children residing in UK has been sufferingfrom overweight issues and obesity problems. According toDeloriand et. al., (2012)the childrenafter 1991 are mostly overweight and after 1998 are obese. They are children who are obesefrom the starting and some become obese while growing up. The world health organisation hasmarked obesity in a serious category of disease and it is as severe as other chronic diseases anddiseases occurring from drinking polluted water.According toMermond and et. al., (2012)The reason for obesity is unhealthy diet and thecause of this is that the parents and schools does not give attention to the health issues ofchildren. They both have a very strong influence on the life of a child. It is their responsibility toindulge them in activities that involve physical exertion and make them habitual to exercise.They should teach them to eat healthy from the starting.According toDeLuca and et. al., (2012)it is a psychological issue that influence theperson, it also depends on superiority of children.The awareness factor of eating healthy is alsoa big issue. Another important factor is motivation. The obesity issues have been given priorityand they must be treated asap. The influential factor here are parents and after them schools.Parent be the guiding force to the children as they can inculcate any habit in them when they areat their learning phase. Say for instance breastfeeding their children for the first six months isvery essential and it also prevents them to be overweight. And it gives so many healthyadvantages to a child but still some parents does not follow this advice and give their childoutside food which make them ill and invite to various health related problems.From the view point ofDonnelly and et. al., (2013)the possible reasons of obesity thatoccur in the life of a person are parental obesity, time duration of their sleep, weight at their birth
time, excess duration of viewing television, gaining weight at the time of infancy, early life size,or may be their body mass index is rebound or catch up growth etc.BMI (kg/m2) = mass (kg) / height (m)2According to view point ofWang, (2013) obesity occurs because of the increase in fatcells, it happens because during the period of growth their is an incremental in the number of fatcells that results in the increase of size that happens when they absorb energy. Obesity is thestage where the weight of an individual is higher than the ideal weight. The ideal weight iscalculated by the measure of body mass index. It measures the relationship between the heightand weight of a person. The weight of a person must be in proportion to its height. The obesityin children is often described to identify the persons who are at risk of getting obese. The
children's should be prevented then and there. It refers to excess body fat than the normal. Excessfacts is This happens generally due to unhealthy practices and not doing exercise. The childrenwho suffer from obesity often has problems related to bones, they are prone to orthopaedicissues. They suffer from type two diabetes that was initially take place in adults only but now adays it has been seen in obese children.From the view point ofDriscoll and et. al., (2012)The confidence level of obesechildren's are very low and they does not have a high self esteem. Most of the obese kids feelinferior. They do stress eating and have eating disorders. They are usually dissatisfied with theirbodies. Because of this they face adverse situations.Causes of obesityThere are various causes of obesityEllsworth 2014has find out three reasons and theseare lack of exercise, overeating, hereditary.Genetics: This is the cause of obesity but it is very less in percentage. Very less peopleare obese because of there hereditary issues. This happens because of hormonal dis balance. It anbe curd and children can make their weight in proportion to their height by following proper andhealthy diet and they can control their excess weight by doing exercise.Lack of exercise: this happens because the child is not moving his body as required toburn the calories that he has undertaken. It happens this has been the important fact6or that isincreasing the obesity in children. As there is no physical activity involved in the lives ofchildren,. These days they are occupied in the social media and in their phones an laptops. Theydon't play outdoor games, don't socialise as they spend their entire time on phones, laptopstelevisions. Involvement in physical activity helps the child to reduce the risk of obesity by 26%to 48% as identified by (Englberger and et.al., 2010). Children these days does not play withtheir friends, does not ride bicycles , no jumping no skipping nothing. All this has been replacedby video games, computers etc.Overeating: this is the main cause of obesity. Children are eating whatever they aregetting. In this the biggest defaulter is their parents and the school. The schools are offering themfood which are delicious in taste but ridiculous in nutrients content. They are providing them awith junk food and they have installed candy machines and children are eating all those junk andgetting g obese. The fruits and vegetables have been replaced by pizzas and burgers. The intakeof fats and calories are increasing and nutrient are not going in the bodies of children. This is
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