Aviation 1AVIATIONby NameThe Name of the Class (Course)Professor (Tutor)The Name of the School (University)City, StateDate of Submission
Aviation 2AbstractAviation is amongst the safest way of transportation. Flying is done under either of twosets of rules that include Visual Flight Rules (VFR) being the first set of rules, and InstrumentFlight Rules (IFR), being the second set of rules. A pilot is bound by either of the rules whenflying an aircraft which are provided by a country’s civil aviation authority under the guidelinesof (ICAO) International Civil Aviation Organization. The rules guide and direct the pilots whenon air. VFR is commonly used by private pilots with no special training on IFR. However,according to studies and with respect to future advancement as regards VFR, it may be difficultto use VFR on grass runways and if applied, will be subjected to severe restrictions andlimitations. In respect to the continued traffic growth, it is imagined that VFR and IFR trafficmay be limited making it harder to use VFR for grass runways and the other IFR for concreterunway. Studies reveal that more of IFR will be needed in future to maintain separation whichmay not be possible due to bad weather conditions when using VFR.This paper highlights the differences of the rules and further outlines challenges faced byIFR particularly on the workload when flying.
Aviation 3IntroductionVisual Flight Rules are used to protect pilots without instruments in the aircraft fromaccidents, flying too high or under unclear weather conditions (Bergqvist 2016). The rules areused when there are no clouds obstructing the aircraft thus; the pilot spends most of the timelooking outside the aircraft therefore controlling the aircraft using visual aid or references andnot instruments. It is common for VFR to be applied by private pilots when flying in clear andvisible weather conditions. Instrument Flight Rules on the other hand (IFR) are commonly usedby pilots in unclear weather conditions and require the aid of instruments to control the aircraftwhen flying. Pilots can use the IFR without any visual assistance or reference (Taylor 2007). Apilot flying under VFR may choose the path he wishes. It may be an easy straight line from thepoint of start to the ending point or destination and under Visual Metrological Conditions. Whena pilot cannot meet the Visual Metrological Conditions under the VFR, a pilot with good skillswill be sought to fly using IFR equipped airplane. Theoretically, a flight can be performedwithout any visibility from the beginning to the end of the flight by using IFR. VFR governs aircrafts in visual metrological conditions while IFR governs aircrafts ininstrument metrological conditions. Unlike VFR, IFR requires higher level of training andunderstanding of the rules and procedures (Robson 2010). The pilot is more refined in skill inInstrument Flight Rules Visual Flight Rules. The procedure used in IFR is purely controlled byflight instruments where the pilot is directed by air traffic control to fly from one destination toanother and land safely (Pearson 2003). The pilot controlling aircraft by VFR does not needtraffic control to direct him. He simply uses his eyes to control the plane’s position in referenceto the horizon. The pilot lands safely by VFR and the instruments are only used as backup.
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