Cultural Comparison between Japan and Germany based on Hofstede's Dimensions
Added on -2020-12-07
This article provides a detailed comparison of the cultural differences between Japan and Germany based on Hofstede's dimensions of Power Distance, Individualism, Masculinity, Uncertainty, Long term orientation and Indulgence. It explains how these dimensions affect the social behaviour of people in both countries. The article also highlights the key differences between the two countries in terms of their cultural values and beliefs.
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Power Distance:In any social level, Japanese are very conscious and act accordingly to their hierarchical position, each Hierarchical layer confirms the decisions, and the final decision is approved by top management. Contrary to Japan, Germany with a score of 35, is among the low power distance countries (Hofstede n.d. B). Decision-making rights are taken by the management fulfilling all the requirements of participation and direct communication for a teamwork. Individual’s control is not promoted rather leadership is promoted for best expertise and outcomes (Hofstede n.d. B).Individualism Japan with a score of 46 depicts collectivistic social behaviour (Hofstede n.d. A). Being a paternalistic society, Japan does not possess a full grip of individual opinions. Japanese show loyalty to their local communities, their extended families, and their companies. (Hofstede n.d. A). On the other hand, Germany with a strong belief in self-loyalty is individualist society, scoring 67 (Hofstede n.d. B). Although some families have strong parent children relationship but the strong belief of self-actualization, sense of duty and personal preference is dominant. “Be honest, even if it hurts” is the key rule followed by the employee and the employer providing counterpart a better chance to avoid mistakes in the future (Hofstede n.d. B).Masculinity: Germany is a Masculine society with a score of 66 (Hofstede n.d. B). High value is given to performance to develop self-esteem from their assignments and tasks, living just to work. Managers are ambitious and decisive, pushing the self-confidence of employees for best outcomes. People are conscious about their status (Hofstede n.d. B). Japan is relatively more Masculine with a high score of 95. But you do not see competitive and assertive behaviours which are commonly associated withMasculine cultureUncertainty: With a score of 92, Japan is considered the most uncertainty avoiding country of the world. Japanesehave learned to plan, prepare and take precautionary measures for any sudden situation. ). In Japan one must attend many ceremonies in his entire life, for example, every year schools arrange opening
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