Qualitative Techniques and Research Design for Psychologists

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1Qualitative Techniques and Research Design for PsychologistsName of the Student:Name of the University:Course Number:
2ContentsAbstract............................................................................................................................................3Theme..........................................................................................................................................3Research question............................................................................................................................4Data collection method................................................................................................................4Method of analysis...........................................................................................................................5Findings/results................................................................................................................................6Discussion........................................................................................................................................8References........................................................................................................................................9
3AbstractThe entire study will revolve around the qualitative techniques and the research design by thepsychologists. The research topic is entirely based on the subject matter of friendship and thedata obtained for this research is by using the primary methods. The main topic was morehighlighted by conducting an interview with a person named Trevor who was once an instructorof a fitness center and met a lot of people of different mentality during that time. Trevor verywell discussed and gave his valuable views on friendship. On the other hand, it was also noticedthat he was thrown out of his duty when he became sick and at that point of time he made a lot offriends where some were genuine others were not. The specific method used for this study isqualitative in nature and known as the thematic analysis. It has been also found out from thisstudy that there are different kinds of friends. The vital conclusion that can be drawn from thisresearch is friendship has different faces and all of the friends are not same. Some friends are likefamily while others are not.The current qualitative study is concerned with providing an exploration into the role ofexternal factors in the constantly changing subjective experience of relationshipidentity. A transcript of a semi-structured interview from a single participant wasanalyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), allowing for theproduction of a descriptively subjective account. Three core themes are identified in thisanalysis; (1) Relationship breakdown, (2) Hierarchical relationships, (3) Generationaldisparity. The triad of themes identified throughout allows for a greater understandingof how external factors lead to alterations in the subjective experience of onesrelationship identity.
4Research questionHow is the subjective experience of relationship identity altered by external factors?MethodologyInterpretative Phenomenological Analysis Embracing an idiographicapproach, (Biggerstaff, & Thompson, 2008), interpretative phenomenologicalanalysis (IPA) adopts the theoretical stance that both historical andsociocultural contexts are at the forefront of how we as humans come tounderstand and process information about our lives, (Shinebourne, 2011). Thecurrent study aims to investigate perspectives taken on friendship, exploringthe subjective experiences of the individual in relation to such a standpoint.In order to meet these aims, IPA is identified as the most suitable approach totake.According toBiggerstaff, & Thompson (2008), interpretative phenomenologicalanalysis is considered to be an idiographic approach. This is considered to adopt bothsociocultural and historical contexts and thus it is necessary for human beings to focusand understand the different types of primary information about an individual’s life(Shinebourne, 2011). This report will highlight the different perspectives on friendshipand it will describe the subjective experiences in relation to an individual. Therefore, IPAcan be considered as the most suitable approach in this case.
5Data collection method‘Trevor’ is the pseudonym given to the participant taking part in this study. All identifyingparticipant information has been adjusted to ensure confidentiality, in line with ethicalprinciples outlined by the BPS. A semi- structured face-to-face individual interview wasconducted at Liverpool John Moores University surrounding the topic of friendship andits related facets. Examples of questions used throughout the interview are: ‘Can youtell me about your own friends and what they mean to you?’ ‘What does it mean to befriends with someone?’ The interviewer was not known to the participant. The interviewwas audio and video recorded, with the purpose of it being made available online as ateaching tool. The video recordings were available to download in four segments, eachfifteen minutes in length, with both the participant and interviewer in clear view with theuse of a split screen. The interview was also available online in both Jeffersonian andplayscript transcriptions for analysis purposes. For the purpose of the current study, thedata was obtained from the ‘TORMUL DATASET TEACHING RESOURCES’ webpage.The participant was informed of the online availability of the interview prior to it takingplace, alongside the right to withdraw the data prior to it being made available online.The opportunity to review the interview material before it was made publicly availableonline was granted to the participant.(rephrase them)The word “Trevor” is considered to be a pseudonym that is used to indicate theparticipants in the study. The information of the participants are maintained in an confidentialmanner and thus it is in accordance with the ethical principles of BPS. Moreover, a semistructured interview has also been conducted at the Liverpool John Moores University on thetopic related to friendship and its related terms. The participants were unknown to theinterviewer and the entire interview was recorded. On the other hand, video recording was alosdone of the interview so that it can be made available in online modes and thus can be used asteaching tool. The recordings were divided into four segments of fifteen minutes and the playscript and Jeffersonian transcriptions were used for the analysis purpose. The data was obtained
6from the webpage of “TORMUL DATASET TEACHING RESOURCES”. The participants whowere interviewed was informed that their interview would be available in online mode. However,it was necessary to take the required permission from the user before accessing them.Method of analysisThe interviewee made it clear to the interviewer that friendship generally has many faces andindividual experiences a lot during the friendship. It has been also closely observed andwitnessed that there are a lot of emotions that are closely attached with a friendship that can beboth bad as well as good emotions. It can be also said that emotions play a vital role in thesubject matter of friendship. Furthermore, in a friendship that matters the most is the relationshipthat is maintained with one another. Throwing light on the above-mentioned discussion it can bevery well stated that all of the friendships are not same in nature and each and every friendshipgoes through a tough phase where their friendship is itself tested. There are some of the peoplewith whom an individual feels good in the friendship while there are other people with whomfriendship generally is a bitter experience. In both of the cases, an individual tends to learnsomething (Smith, Flowers and Larkin, 2009). It has been closely witnessed in the interview thatthe interviewee namely Trevor acknowledges that there are a large variety of friendships, forinstance, some friends are more like a family while some individuals are only meant for going toclubs, and parties. There is a huge difference between the two of the people that are mentioned inthe above statement. Then there are also some of the friends or the so call friends he stated wherethe individual will not be free enough to do some of the stuff. Furthermore, Trevor alsoelaborated that to some people an individual will be more open to sharing their life while withthe other people the individual will give partial details with regards to what exactly is going on in
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