Questions & Answers on Contemporary Logistics.

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Questions & Answers on ContemporaryLogistics1
Answer 1:The article chosen is on Contemporary Logistics, and after identifying “packaging” asa dominant topic covered in the student material, is “The Prospects of Zero-PackagingGrocery Stores to Improve the Social and Environmental Impacts of the Food Supply Chain”by Beitzen-Heineke et al, published in 2017 at Journal of Cleaner Production.The rationale of choosing such an article was that in today’s time, it is the aim ofevery industry and company irrespective of their nature of operations and size, to lessen theircarbon footprint and make their functioning sustainable for the environment. Therefore, forcontemporary logistics as well, creating a sustainable manner of packaging will prove to bebeneficial for the long run.The article points out that due to increased consumer awareness about environmentaland social responsibilities, food chains in various developed nations have been motivated inthe opening up of grocery stores which totally renounce the use of conventional packagingmaterials, namely, disposable plastic bags, for selling their product range. The opportunitieswhich these stores offer is that, now focus is shifted on creating and using a more sustainablesystem of retail, which is presently not much common and should be investigated more. Thearticle conducted semi-structured interviews with store representatives hailing from as manyas seven retail stores across the European nations, and also included six food-chain experts inorder to understand this area of sustainable packaging(Beitzen-Heineke, Balta-Ozkan andReefke, 2017).It was found that, these stores apparently can bring about a more environmentallyconscious and resource efficient outlook and behaviour in suppliers and consumers to reducethe inefficiencies and resource wastage hailing from packaging. The social benefits of suchconscious behavior change leads to – support of small, local farmers to attaining moretransparency in the supply chain and the creation of a better informed and more consciousenvironment friendly consumer group. These benefits, however, can be achieved at the costof losing consumer convenience, as shopping operations can slow and the product varietiesalso reduce(Beitzen-Heineke, Balta-Ozkan and Reefke, 2017).The experts opine finally that wide adoption of this zero-packaging philosophy willrequire further active efforts by the retail chains and food chains to influence consumerbehaviour, and also would require the suppliers to change their packaging practices. Further,2
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