Impact of Hip-Hop Music and Classical Music

Added on - Sep 2019

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Research TopicTo understand the negative effect of classical andhip hop music on concentration mediated byextrovert-introvertAbstractThe impact of different music on different personality types areexpected to be different. The introverts and extroverts areexpected to respond to different music. Extroverts mostlyrespond to hip-hop and introverts respond mostly to classical.Introverts find hip-hop to be noisy and irritating. The paperassessed the impact of hip-hop music and classical music(Mozart effect) on the personality of the 24 participants. Theresults show that the extroverted group show higher score withinstrumental level as their arousal reaches ideal level and theyperform task effectively. Prediction was made that theintroverted participants who were listening to instrumentalclassical music scored higher than listening with vocal musicbackground during the concentration.ConclusionResearch concludes that music impact of classical type is notbound by personality types.ResultsPrediction was made that the introverted participants who werelistening to instrumental classical music scored higher thanlistening with vocal music background. Similar is withintroverted group.Literature ReviewChabris (1999) studies attributed to the “Mozart effect”appeared to demonstrate the exposure to the composer’s musiccan raise IQ scores by as much as 10%. Responses to musicalstimuli vary and are subject to previous experience andsociocultural influences (Paretz, 2006) as personalitybackground may have a major influence on the effect of musicalstimuli. In relation to Wofe (1983) findings, another previousstudy conducted by Tze and Chou (2010) aimed to compareclassical and hip hop music to determine which type ofbackground music creates the most amount of interference andwhich type of background music creates the least amount ofinterference.Factor that needs to be taken into account is thepersonality of the individual processing the music (Eysenck,1952; 1967; 1982). Eysenck developed a very influential modelof personality.Research Hypotheses1. Compared to the absence of the vocal inclassical and hip-hop music background, vocalmay have a distracting effect on concentrationtest. 2. Putting personality types as an indicatorin classical and hip-hop music, with or withoutvocal, may addressed the positive impact ofbackground music in academic performancemore effectively.Research QuestionDoes classical music ‘Mozart effect’ onlyapplied to spatial-temporal task? Would there bepositive effect of hip-hop and classic musicbackground depending on extrovert-introvertpersonality relating to concentration level?MethodologyParticipants24 Participants selected aged 18-26 years.DesignConsidered 2 (different types of music) x 4(different conditions) due to 2 types and 4 levelsof music lead to two independent variables.MaterialsUsing d2 Test of Attention to measureconcentration level and Eysenck PersonalityInventory (EPI) to assess individual personalitytraits.Method of AnalysisUsed AOVA to compare mean difference and d2test scores.ProcedureUsed Random stimuli presentation andpersonality types will be balanced. Tested ingroups. Generic test format used.ReferencesChabris, Christopher F. 1999. “Prelude or requiem for the ‘Mozart Effect’?” Nature 400 (26 August 1999), 826-828.Emery, C. F., Hsiao, E. T., Hill, S. M., & Frid, D. J. (2003). Short-term effects of exercise and music on cognitiveperformance among participants in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Heart & Lung, 32, 368 –373. doi:10.1016/S0147-9563(03)00120-1Freeburne, C. M., & Fleischer, M. S. (1952). The effect of music distraction upon reading rate and comprehension. TheJournal of Educational Psychology, 43, 101–109.The Mozart effect: A closer look. Retrieved October 23, 2016, from
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