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Impact of Hip-Hop Music and Classical Music

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Added on  2019-09-18

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Research Topic To understand the negative effect of classical andhip hop music on concentration mediated byextrovert-introvertAbstractThe impact of different music on different personality types areexpected to be different. The introverts and extroverts are expected to respond to different music. Extroverts mostly respond to hip-hop and introverts respond mostly to classical. Introverts find hip-hop to be noisy and irritating. The paper assessed the impact of hip-hop music and classical music (Mozart effect) on the personality of the 24 participants. The results show that the extroverted group show higher score with instrumental level as their arousal reaches ideal level and they perform task effectively. Prediction was made that the introverted participants who were listening to instrumental classical music scored higher than listening with vocal music background during the concentration.ConclusionResearch concludes that music impact of classical type is not bound by personality types.ResultsPrediction was made that the introverted participants who were listening to instrumental classical music scored higher than listening with vocal music background. Similar is with introverted group.Literature ReviewChabris (1999) studies attributed to the “Mozart effect” appeared to demonstrate the exposure to the composer’s music can raise IQ scores by as much as 10%. Responses to musical stimuli vary and are subject to previous experience and sociocultural influences (Paretz, 2006) as personality background may have a major influence on the effect of musicalstimuli. In relation to Wofe (1983) findings, another previous study conducted by Tze and Chou (2010) aimed to compare classical and hip hop music to determine which type of background music creates the most amount of interference and which type of background music creates the least amount of interference.Factor that needs to be taken into account is the personality of the individual processing the music (Eysenck, 1952; 1967; 1982). Eysenck developed a very influential model of personality.Research Hypotheses1. Compared to the absence of the vocal in classical and hip-hop music background, vocal may have a distracting effect on concentration test. 2. Putting personality types as an indicator in classical and hip-hop music, with or without vocal, may addressed the positive impact of background music in academic performance more effectively.Research QuestionDoes classical music ‘Mozart effect’ only applied to spatial-temporal task? Would there be positive effect of hip-hop and classic music background depending on extrovert-introvert personality relating to concentration level?MethodologyParticipants24 Participants selected aged 18-26 years.DesignConsidered 2 (different types of music) x 4 (different conditions) due to 2 types and 4 levels of music lead to two independent variables.MaterialsUsing d2 Test of Attention to measure concentration level and Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) to assess individual personality traits.Method of AnalysisUsed AOVA to compare mean difference and d2test scores.ProcedureUsed Random stimuli presentation and personality types will be balanced. Tested in groups. Generic test format used.ReferencesChabris, Christopher F. 1999. “Prelude or requiem for the ‘Mozart Effect’?” Nature 400 (26 August 1999), 826-828.Emery, C. F., Hsiao, E. T., Hill, S. M., & Frid, D. J. (2003). Short-term effects of exercise and music on cognitive performance among participants in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Heart & Lung, 32, 368 –373. doi:10.1016/S0147-9563(03)00120-1Freeburne, C. M., & Fleischer, M. S. (1952). The effect of music distraction upon reading rate and comprehension. The Journal of Educational Psychology, 43, 101–109.The Mozart effect: A closer look. Retrieved October 23, 2016, from
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