Education Reforms 2Reforms in the Australian Education industry Predominantly, education is a globally recognized empowerment tool and is considered aright in most countries. The Australian education industry like most education sectors has itsshortcomings thus the need for the Australian government to implement various reforms forbetter performance of learners and boost their chances of global competitiveness and knowledge.Predominantly, the Australian education sector has faced funding, educational disadvantages,inequities, shortage of quality teachers and curriculum challenges. There's need to address theinequity in resource allocation between disadvantaged and advantaged schools, need to boostteacher quality because poorly trained teachers are unlikely to produce better studentperformance.The teacher shortage can be addressed through initiatives that make the teachingprofession attractive and implementing strong teaching training curriculum. Currently, the Australian government has implemented various reforms, both negative andpositive to its education sector. Particularly, these reforms have been characterized by theestablishment of a national curriculum, national assessments have been standardized and auniversal accessibility to preschool education.Moreover, professional teaching standards havebeen set to help produce quality teachers for quality student performance(Bentley and Savage2017).There's urgent need to incorporate innovative teaching techniques, quality teacheraccreditation standards and high-quality teacher training for better student performance.Teachersought to be trained using modern techniques and curriculum so as to adequately prepare them forthe classroom.With the changing technological advancements, student and teacher curriculumought to accommodate the changes.
Education Reforms 3 Noteworthy, Australian 15-year-old learner scores in reading, Maths, and Science performancehas declined over the years according to the Programme for International Student Assessmentsurvey. Moreover, the knowledge and skill set of a 15-year-old Australian student is equal to thatof an average 12-year-old Korean Student(Wilson, Dalton et.al,2015).Poor student performancein Maths, Reading, and Science is a challenge for the Australian learning population. Further,through the higher education reform package, admissions to higher learning institutions has beenregulated and more transparent which is a positive move to foster accountability and fairnesseducation. Also, choice of courses have extended to approved sub-courses(Birmingham N.d).Moreover, there's been established the higher education participation and partnership initiativesfor the disadvantaged student population in Australia. Particularly, boosting performance in Science, there’s need to implement the innovative andstrong curriculum. Through quality nationalized teaching approaches to Science andMathematics, student performance will improve curriculum on science should incorporate thechanges in the world today. Additionally, the interaction between students and science-basedprofessionals will enhance student understanding of science (Tytler 2016).Typically, there's ashortage of qualified teachers to quench the demand for education in Australia. Specifically, theundersupply of teachers leads to poor student performance due to the high chances that someteachers are teaching outside their scope of expertise (Masters 2017).Notably, there's unevendistribution of qualified teachers in the Australian states. Victoria, New South Wales, and SouthAustralia have reported an oversupply of teachers as compared to Queensland. Also, there's need to advance the teacher training programs in Maths and Science through pre-service initiatives to foster collaboration between science and Math based educationprograms(Department of Education and Training 2016). Noteworthy, the Australian government
Education Reforms 4has made budgetary allocations towards science-based faculty, department collaboration onscience matters which is aimed at increasing the number of qualified science teachers to booststudent performance.In addition, capabilities and curriculum for teaching science have beenexplored and incorporated into the system of teaching science. There all the teachers need toensure that all the teachers are qualified to teach their respective fields of study as opposed toqualified teacher engaging in areas not in which they have expertise but are forced to teach dueto the problem of undersupply of teachers in schools. Further, there is a decline in participation in Science and Maths.Specifically,6.6 representsthe female students who sat for the Maths and Science exams in the year 2013(Wilson, Daltonet.al,2015) in Australian thus the need to encourage gender equity. This can be advocatedthrough compulsory studies in Maths and Science in all Australian States. Currently, the states ofNew South Wales and Western Australia, lack the mandatory requirement for students to studyMaths.Further, there s need for a national curriculum stipulating compulsory subject to studiessuch as Science and Maths to create equal learning experiences and competitiveness.A uniformeducation curriculum is proof of education equality due to the fact that the standard measure ofstudent performance is the same for each and every student in Australia.Further, a uniformedcurriculum makes it easy for Australian learners to be incorporated into the labor force in anypart of the Australian states. Moreover, there's the need to increase the population of qualified teachers.Undoubtedly,unqualified teachers are likely to encourage poor student performance and ignorance as opposedto qualified teachers who can handle the different student abilities and impart knowledge.Currently, in Australia, the teacher training threshold covers the top students between 26% to39% between the years 1983-03.In a way, this has made the teaching profession in Australia less
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