Discussion on Manuel’s Records | Assignment

Added on - 18 Sep 2019

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Scenario:Manuel’s records have finally arrived at the school.Included are his pastattendance records, prior teacher reports and referrals,medical history from the nurse’s office,prioracademic achievement, and standardized state and district test scores.It seems that Manuel wasalso struggling academically at his past school, especially in classes that require heavy reading andwriting, such as English and Social Studies, and you learn that he had a reading tutor from firstthrough fourth grade.You also notice that he seems to have done consistently better in his Mathclasses there as well.You and Mr. Franklin have already spoken to his other teachers and hisparents regarding your concerns and everyone, including Manuel's parents, agrees that somethingneeds to be done.His mother is concerned that being labeled as “Learning Disabled” will cause himembarrassment while, his father, who is an engineer, feels that his son’s talents are not being fullyexpressed.They go on to explain that although Manuel is fluent in English, prior to moving to his new school,their community was predominately Hispanic and Spanish-speaking and he is bilingual in bothEnglish and Spanish.They have heard that the assessments you will use to evaluate his ability willnot take this potential language and culture barrier into account.You decide to create a document for Manuel's parents to help them understand the differencebetween informal and formal assessments, how using both types of assessment is known to mitigatebias, the purposes, merits and limitations of standardized assessments, and the how the statisticalresults from assessments are used in the planning and development of an IEP.Scenario:Manuel is becoming more and more listless in class and is still not doing well with hisassignments.You have noticed though, that he seems to be making friends, as outside of classeach morning you notice him joking and talking with a group of boys.They talk about BMX bikesand an online computer game that they all play.You are aware that some of the boys in that groupare involved in the school robotics team and you begin to wonder how you could use his newlyformed friendships and your insights into his interests to support his language arts skills.You and Mr. Franklin are also excited about a workshop you just attended with Dr. Janette Klingnerwho talked abouthow to realize the potential of RTI(Klingner, J, 2011) with culturally andlinguistically diverse learners.The Child Study Team has been doing diagnostic work to see if thereare other variables within the classroom and/or school environment that may be affecting Manuel'sperformance.What the Child Study Team discovers is that Manuel feels embarrassed by his slowreading compared to his classmates and does not see the relevance of classes that are not relatedto his intended career goal, engineering.The team also notes that Manuel is able to write well, buthe often does not finish in-class assignments and tests, and his homework written assignments arevery short.The lack of length in his assignments consistently costs him points.When you talk to Manuel he shows pride when you compliment him on his bilingual ability and askfor his help in translating for a new student from Guatemala.Finally, the team becomes aware thatManuel does not want to be labeled "dumb" and is worried that he will be made fun of if he is pulledout of his regular classes for more intensive support.Manuel’s vision and hearing test were both arenormal and his medical exam does not reveal any medical issues.As a member of the Child Study Team (CST) and taking into account Manuel's interests and thesocial and cultural influences that may be affecting Manuel's school performance, you and the CSTare planning your next steps.You and Mr. Franklin discuss what interventions would take intoaccount Manuel’s cultural and linguistic background.You also discuss how to involve Manuel in thisprocess.You wonder what kinds of ethical and legal issues you may need to account for as youmake your recommendations and the two of you decide to create a document that explains your
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