Theories, Principles and Models in E & T - Report

Added on - 21 Jul 2020

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THEORIES,PRINCIPLES ANDMODELS IN E & T
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................11.1 Analysis about the theories , principles and models of learning...........................................11.2 Explanation about the criteria in which theories, models, principle of learning can beapplied to teaching, learning and assessment..............................................................................21.3 Analysis of models of learning preferences...........................................................................21.4 Explanation about the identification and taking account of learner’s individual learningpreferences enable inclusive teaching, learning and assessment.................................................3TASK 2............................................................................................................................................32.1 Explaining the way in which principles, theories and models of communication can beapplied to learning, teaching and assessment..............................................................................32.2 Analysing the theories, principle and models of communication..........................................53.1 Theories of assessment and 3 examples of assessments which improved learning whichincludes assessment and inclusive learning.................................................................................63.2 Explaining the ways in which theories, principles and models of assessment can be appliedin assessing learning....................................................................................................................7TASK- 4- CURRICULUM..............................................................................................................84.1 Theories and models of curriculum development.................................................................84.2 Ways of implementing theories and models of curriculum development.............................9TASK 5..........................................................................................................................................105.1 Analysis about the theories and models of reflection and evaluation.................................105.2 Explanation about the reflective account that explains the ways in which theories andmodels of reflection can be applied reviewing own practices...................................................11CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................12REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................14
INTRODUCTIONEvery individual have ability to learn through which they can acquire new knowledge, understanding,skill, idea etc. Learning is a procedure for acquire and grape thing, knowledge, information regarding specificsubject. In a simple word it can be said that learning is a kind of change in the individual performance andperformance potential about as a result of the learner’s interactions with the environment. It is a permanentchange in a person’s knowledge or behaviour due to experience. Coaching is a part of education and learningunder which individual an opportunity to learn something new about the subject has. The current projectprovides the detain knowledge and understanding about the learning and education principles, models andtheories and its significance in the individual life. In addition to this how these concepts and models aboutlearning affect human mind has been also addressed within this report. Apart from that theories, principle andmodels of communication and its connection with teaching and learning has been also addressed within thisreport.TASK 11.1 Analysis about the theories , principles and models of learningLearning is a procedure under which individual acquire something new skill, knowledge and ideathrough previous experience, study, program, activity and being taught. In a simple word it canbe said that it is the ability to learn possessed by humans, animals and some machines etc. Thereare several theories of learning which are discussed and described in systematic manner below-Behaviourism learning- This is the best concept and theory of the learning which is basedon the objectively observable behaviour and discount any independent activities of themind. Learning is just a new behaviour which is acquired according to the newenvironmental condition (Grohmann and Kauffeld, 2013). While individual gets touch inthe new environment and new people then they can learn something new. There arebasically two different condition which affects individual learning as per this theory thatis classical conditioning and behavioural conditioning. As per the classic conditioningnatural reflex responds to a stimulus. Any individual are wired through which certainstimulus will generate some response. For example educational environment. On theother hand in the behavioural conditioning response to a stimulus is reinforced. As perthis theory, individual can learn in order to get some reward, advantage and benefits.Social learning theory- This is completely different from the behaviourism theory oflearning. As per this theory individual can learn from the social behaviour whichproposes that new behaviour can be acquired by observing and imitating others. In
addition to this, learning occurs through the observation of rewards, punishments and aprocess known as vicarious reinforcement. It is basically cognitive process that takesplace in social context.Learning takes place through observation and sensorialexperiences. SLT is the basis of the movement against violence in media & video games.Cognitive learning theory- Cognitive learning theory defines that brain is most incrediblenetwork of information processing and interpretation in the body as we learn thing. Asper this theory people are influence by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors whicheventually bring about learning in an individual. This theory considers three variablesthat is behavioural factor, environmental factor and personal factor. This theory statesthat new experiences are to be evaluated by the learner by means of analysing his pastexperience with the same determinants. While individual comes in the environment thenthey learn something new from interaction, human beliefs, ideas and cognitivecompetencies etc.1.2 Explanation about the criteria in which theories, models, principle of learning can be appliedto teaching, learning and assessmentAs per the above discussion it has been analysed and assessed that learning plays a veryeffective role in every individual life through which they can learn something new idea,creativity, knowledge, information etc. While any individual involves in the teaching andeducation sector then these theory assist them in large manner. By application of these theories,individual can learn something new from their past experience, social behaviour, interaction withother etc.1.3 Analysis of models of learning preferencesBy the model of cognitive, social learning and behaviourism it has been analysed that byapplication of this model, individual can learn from the past experience as well as situationwhich is happened with them. As per the behaviourism learning model, While individual getstouch in the new environment and new people then they can learn something new. On the otherhand as per the social learning model, learning occurs through the observation of rewards,punishments and a process known as vicarious reinforcement. In addition to this, cognitivelearning theory defines that brain is most incredible network of information processing andinterpretation in the body as we learn thing.2
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