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Travel and Tourism Sector Assignment (Solved) - TUI group

   

Added on  2020-01-28

25 Pages5513 Words78 Views
Travel and TourismSector

TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................11.1 Enclosed in Poster..................................................................................................................11.2 Enclosed in Poster..................................................................................................................2TASK 2............................................................................................................................................3Enclosed in PPT...........................................................................................................................32.3 Implication of political change on T&T sector....................................................................11TASK 3..........................................................................................................................................113.1 Factors affecting tourism demand.......................................................................................113.2 Methods to increase supply in order to meet demand.........................................................13TASK 4..........................................................................................................................................14REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................15

INTRODUCTIONTravelling is a phenomenon which leaves the visitor with everlasting and breathlessexperience due to the fun, leisure, adventurous and other activities undertaken in the entire tour.Travel and tourism (T&T) is the quickest growing sector which has made significantcontribution in development and growth of the nation (Mowforth and Munt, 2015). The aim ofthe current research is to create understanding of Travel and Tourism sector along with thegovernment impact on the operations of tourism sector. For the current research, TUI group hasbeen selected and its structure and role has been explained in the report. Furthermore, the effectsof demand and supply regarding the services of the concerned organization have also beenclearly described.

TASK 11.1 Enclosed in PosterIn the early age, cultural aspects, learning languages and travelling challenges restricted (Capacci, Scorcu and Vici, 2015). In 14 centuryChristopher Columbus sailedwestward and vasco da gama cruised to countryfor earn money then business travel has beenintegral part of tourism industry(Cave and Brown2012).Early tourism started with Nomads who travelled around the world in search of food andshelter. Main intension of this traveller is to gathered food and traded around the world and gave rise to the barter system (Capacci, Scorcu andVici, 2015). 1500 BC is marked as the era when the Europeans visited pyramids and thus developed the tourism for pilgrimage. Early tourismstarted with Nomads who travelled around the world in search of food and shelter. Main intension of this traveller is to gathered food and tradedaround the world and gave rise to the barter system (Capacci, Scorcu and Vici, 2015). 1500 BC is marked as the era when the Europeans visitedpyramids and thus developed the tourism for pilgrimage.Key historical developments in T&T sectorTravelling can be defined as a process in which the visitors are engaged in undertaking numerous activities starting from leisure, fun,entertainment, adventure, and site seeing and many more. People travel to get insight about cultural and lifestyle of different regions. It also aidsin gaining relative knowledge regarding social and political environment of diverse regions (Horner and Swarbrooke, 2016). The development ofthe concerned sector has been enumerated underneath:Tourism in its early formsAt the time of circa 3000 BC, people used to travelmainly for two reasons. These encompass of trade andpilgrim tours. Before that, the villagers used to move fromone place to another in quest for food. Thereafter, with therapid industrialization process people became more and moreengaged in trading (Hall and Page, 2014). This caused themto move to diverse regions to crack deals. However, massesat that time were more devoted and religious which give riseto the pilgrim tours. Tourism in 20th centuryWith the advent and growth of aviation industry, T&T sector became the fastest growing industry in comparison to communication, technology, retail and manufacturing. Citizens were more indulge in travelling to distinct regions to gain knowledge and understanding. Leisure and entertainment were the two main factors which instigate the passengers to travel (Navickas and Malakauskaite, 2015).Major development in T&T sectorGuides: In the early period, the main role of guide was to provide the travellers with guidebook so as to make them understand about history of the region. Further, they were concerned with providing necessary information to travellers and charge some bucks. Transport: Transportation sector has experienced a drastic change as in the middle ages animals were used by people to travel. In the early 19th and late 20th century has witnessed the launch of trains and aeroplanes which caused easy movement to the diverse places.Introduction of Jet airways was witnessed in 1960's (Ghimire, 2013).In the year 1994, channel tunnel was launched.A380 Airbus super plane got started in 2005 (Sharpley and Telfer, 2014).Spas: Entertainment, renaissance, aristocracy are some of the main influencer which caused the rise of spas in UK. It became an imperative social venue for the passengers.Resorts: Last but not the least, a rise in the recreational activities brought the development of resorts. The climatic condition witnessed in the southern Europe, introduction of Ships and accommodation at the cheaper rates has caused the growth and development of resorts.No. of Passengers 20141950International tourist arrivals880.1 million25.3 millionInternational tourist receipts852 billion2.1 billionT&T in 19th centuryWith the passage of time, tourism activities got diversified in every region. Tour operators came into force and provided the passengers with different experience. Some of the common operators in UK at the particular time period included Henry Lunn and Thomas Cook. Moreover, steam trains were more prominent at that time which caused the travellers to travel faster from one region to another.

No. of activities1950Mid-17thcentury19th century21stcenturySpasResortsTrainsAiways

1.2 Enclosed in PosterIn the early age, cultural aspects, learning languages and travelling challenges restricted (Capacci, Scorcu and Vici, 2015). In 14 centuryChristopher Columbus sailed westward and vasco da gama cruised to country for earn money then business travel has been integral part oftourism industry(Cave and Brown 2012).Early tourism started with Nomads who travelled around the world in search of food andshelter. Main intension of this traveller is to gathered food and traded around the world and gave rise to the barter system (Capacci, Scorcu andVici, 2015). 1500 BC is marked as the era when the Europeans visited pyramids and thus developed the tourism for pilgrimage. Early tourismstarted with Nomads who travelled around the world in search of food and shelter. Main intension of this traveller is to gathered food and tradedaround the world and gave rise to the barter system (Capacci, Scorcu and Vici, 2015). 1500 BC is marked as the era when the Europeans visitedpyramids and thus developed the tourism for pilgrimage.Structure of T&T sectorFood services:Restaurants, hotels, cafe and other fast food chain centres are the major service providers. They offer lunch, breakfast and dinner meals to the visitors according to their taste and preferences. Several edifices has been opened in UK after reviewing the taste of diverse regions such as Chinese people are provided with the respective food, Indian, continental and many more (Pike, 2015).T&T is a vast sector in which there are number of people or corporations engaged in rendering services. Tour operators such as TUI groupoffer packages to the passengers so that they can travel safely (Telfer and Sharpley, 2015). These organizations are concerned with bookingtickets, facilitating accommodation, booking cabs and other local transports, serving food and site seeing adroitness, etc. Some of the servicesare offered by private or voluntary groups as discussed above. Nonetheless public companies are also engaged in rendering services such astransportation, visa, currency exchange, etc. Therefore, the entire sector operates in collision with both public and private organization. ATour operators:Some of the tour operators such as TUI group and Thomas Cook are the mainproviders of packages in T&T industry. They are involved in rendering besttour experience at the cheap rates. The needs and requirements of thetravellers is analysed and based on it, the services are devised by them (Maand Hassink, 2014). Apart from it, the policies and practices introduced bythe governments is also reviewed before contriving any strategy.Transportation:The travel service operator such as TUI group is involved in booking tickets. They make reservations in advance by determining the demand of the customers. This in turn aids the customers to travel from one location to another after selecting an appropriate mode. This in turn assists the customers to travel as per their preferences.Accommodation:Travellers require a place to get relaxed. For this purpose, resorts are developed in diverse corners of the world. Furthermore, room accommodation services have also been rendered to the passengers for a peaceful stay at the lounge. These are some of the voluntary enterprises which have strong contacts and link with the TUI group. They render room services at the cheap prices and provide quality services. All these aid in facilitating the experience of the customers. Local transport:The passengers require transport to move freely from one region to another. Cabs and auto are some of the voluntary service providers that aid the travellers in moving from one location to another (Ridderstaat and et.al., 2014). Entertainment: People crave for adventurous, fun, leisure activities when they travel to different region. The guides and other small vendors aid the visitors experiences in acknowledging them about the historic stories and belief of the region.

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