Understanding Type II Diabetes: Symptoms, Health Issues, and Treatment

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Added on  2023-06-08

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This report provides an overview of Type II Diabetes, including its causes, symptoms, and health issues associated with the disease. It also discusses the importance of regular check-ups and treatment measures for managing the disease. The report highlights the prevalence of Type II Diabetes and its impact on the nervous, circulatory, and immune systems. It also covers the risk factors associated with the disease, such as obesity, genetics, and metabolic syndrome. The report concludes with a discussion on the importance of managing diabetes to prevent complications such as heart disease, neuropathy, and kidney failure.

Understanding Type II Diabetes: Symptoms, Health Issues, and Treatment

   Added on 2023-06-08

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You must known about
Type II diabetes is chronic condition that affects the way
through which body uses and regulates the motion of
glucose. This long term condition results in circulation of too
much sugar in the bloodstream which can eventually lead to
disorders of the nervous and circulatory system. Type II
diabetes is lifelong and can seriously damage the eyes, heart
and specially the feet. This report gives an explanation about
type II diabetes and the additional health issues associated
with it. The discussion also revolves around the signs and
symptoms of diabetes and treatment measures that are advice
to a patient suffering from diabetes.
Diabetes is an impairment where high blood sugar levels leads to disorders of the
circulatory and immune system. There are two ways through which type II diabetes
develops i.e., when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin and when the cells
respond poorly to the hormone that regulates the circulation of sugar and there is
intake of less sugar through these cells. There is no available cure for type II
diabetes and children with obesity have a higher chance of contracting this disease.
Insulin resistance is the main reason because of which people develop type II
diabetes. Insulin is a hormone which is produced in the pancreas that helps the cells
convert glucose (sugar) into energy, however in this case of diabetes, insulin is
produced but the cells cannot take it up for production of energy (Bommer and et.
al., 2018).
When the cells cannot intake glucose, the pancreas produce more insulin to make up for the
insulin that is not absorbed which leads to building up of glucose in the bloodstream. There are a
combination of factors that can cause type II diabetes, such as genes, being overweight, presence
of any metabolic syndrome, production of too much glucose from the liver for storage. There is
also a possibility that bad communication between the receptors of the cells that can affect the
uptake of insulin and this chain reaction can lead to diabetes (Chaplin, 2020). High blood sugar
level can also be caused when beta cells in the pancreas may send out wrong signals for
production of high amounts of insulin. Insulin resistance can also result in a variety of metabolic
syndromes such as high blood pressure, high level of cholesterol and triglycerides. The
possibility gaining extra weight can also cause insulin resistance leading to type II diabetes.
According to a research conducted by UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS), the prevalence
of diabetes is increasing with each surpassing day as about 90% of the adults have either been
diagnosed with type II diabetes or are at a high risk for contracting the disease because of
sedentary lifestyle (Diabetes in the UK: 2019, 2020).
Health problems associated with type II diabetes
According to the NHS, if a person is diagnosed with diabetes it is important to
undergo regular check-ups and keep an eye on the health of a person who is
suffering from type II diabetes. There is a high chance of stroke or developing heart
diseases if cholesterol and blood pressure levels are not checked and treated (Zare
and et. al., 2019). Smoking worsens the effect of diabetes on the heart. Any
numbness or pain should be immediately reported to the doctor as this can be caused
due to diabetes that cause damage to the nerves. Neuropathy is a severe dysfunction
of one or more nerves that can result in muscle weakness and affects other parts of
the body. Nerve damage causes vomiting, nausea and may lead to erectile
dysfunction in men. Ulcers and sore feet can cause loss of feeling as diabetes reduce
the supply of blood to the feet. Cuts, cracks, numbness of toes and feet should be
reported to the doctor.
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