Database Management System Information Technology : Assignment

Added on - 19 Sep 2019

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<University>PROJECT PROPOSAL FOR A STUDENT DATABASEMANAGEMENT SYSTEMby<Your Name><Your Student Number><Module Name><Submission Deadline>Word Count:17th January 2017<Lecturer’s Name and Course Number><Your Name> <Your Student Number> 20171of13
Table of ContentsProject Proposal For a Student Database Management System.....................................3Rationale and Context....................................................................................................3Aims...............................................................................................................................5Research Questions........................................................................................................5Proposed Research Methods..........................................................................................5Ethical and Access Issues...............................................................................................6Potential Value of Research...........................................................................................7ResearchPlan.................................................................................................................8Initial LiteratureReview.................................................................................................9References....................................................................................................................11<Your Name> <Your Student Number> 20172of13
Project Proposal For a Student Database Management SystemInformation technology (IT) has revolutionised the way of working for businesses,governments, organisations and individuals. Every entity, whether it is a for-profitbusiness, a government, a not-for-profit organisation or an individual, wants tomaximise the returns on resources. These resources include raw materials, skills,processes, information, contracts, suppliers, customer, and time. The now ubiquitousIT has enabled a far more efficient utilisation of the resources relevant to achieve thegoals of an entity than could have ever been achievable with just pen and paper. ITnot only not only pervades all the processes but also exerts an accelerating effect onthem (Frenzel and Frenzel, 2003).The education industry is also building upon IT, and one of the domains is studentmanagement. Running an educational institution is no different from running anybusiness. There are customers (students), staff, processes (administration,management of students, courses, examinations, attendance, departments, classes andother processes), ways to track performance (reports). This paper is a proposal forsoftwarefor managing an educational institution's students and related data.Rationale and ContextThis proposal is for a student database management system, which is a specific typeof Management Information System (MIS). An MIS is a collection of software,hardware, business processes and trainedstaff whosegoal is to provide the entity withtools to manage the day-to-day operations, evaluation, as well providing insights forstrategic direction (Beal, n.d.). The project aims to produce software which will helporganisations manage administration, students, courses, examinations, attendance,departments, and classes. This project will be for-profit and created by the developer.The project is intended tobe usedby education institutions of all sizes andcomplexity. The target consumers range from a private tuition centre to a multi-location University. In keeping with the emerging trends of decentralisation of dataand subscribing to software rather than purchasing (Dubey and Wagle, 2007) (on<Your Name> <Your Student Number> 20173of13
disks like DVDs or CDs), the project will be a cloud-based service and offered as aSoftware as a Service (SaaS).Decentralisation in computing means that there is no concentration i.e. if data isdecentralised, then always latest updated data can be accessed from multiple devicesat multiple locations (Baschab and Piot, 2003). Cloud computing is a practicalimplementation of decentralisation (Mell and Grance, 2011). An illustration of thisconcept and the advantages for the user is the email service by Google, Gmail. A userstory can go like this - a user may check an email on his Internet-enabled mobileduring the morning commute to work, prepare a draft and then save in for sendinglater. Then, when he reaches his office, from his desktop computer, he logs into hisemail finds the draft, attaches a presentation file and sends the email. The data isalways latest and available on any number and type of devices the user wants. Next,SaaS is one the ways of selling software and contrasts with shrink-wrap software.SaaS gives access to customers without handing them over the executable files or thesource code. The bypassing of providing a copy of the software reduces the chancesof theft of the intellectual property rights of the developers/company. Also, thesoftware is now subscription-based, and the developers/company have the option tokeep charging (for the premium features). The benefit to the user is that he does notneed to download or keep on manually updating his copy of the software(ClaimVantage, n.d.).To meet these requirements in today's world invariably means using the public Intenetand World Wide Web (WWW) to host a website (or web application) on a cloudplatform, and allow for subscription-based different plans of service for differentpricing. To these ends, the project will use PHP for the server-side programminglanguage; MySQL for the database; HTML (HyperText Transfer Language), CSS(Cascading StyleSheets), JavaScript forWeb standardsdevelopment of client-side. These components willbe hostedona cloud service provider (Amazon WebServices). Several tiers (free and paid) willbe offeredunder the freemium model ofbusiness (Feinleib, 2012).<Your Name> <Your Student Number> 20174of13
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