Weight Management Study - Prevalence Of Obesity | NCD

Added on -2020-02-18

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Running head: RESEARCH CRITIQUEResearch critiqueName of the student:Name of the University:Author’s note
1RESEARCH CRITIQUEBackground of the study: The research by Abolhassani et al., (2012) aimed to investigate about the experience ofbarriers and facilitators to weight management process. This study became important becauseprevalence of obesity due to sedentary lifestyle became a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCD). As the epidemic of NCD is greatly recognized to be caused dueto lifestyle changes, focusing on obesity became necessary (Piernas et al., 2016). The researcheralso emphasized on preventing obesity due to high mortality rate associated with it and the hugecost to the health care system because of associated illness with obesity (Withrow & Alter,2011). Preventing obesity and overweight is a major health priority now, however the currentissue is that significant reduction in obesity rate has not yet been achieved. The research pointedout that past studies gave contradictory views on obesity and weight control. Therefore, as littlewas known about behavioral factors and perception of people towards weight management,Abolhassani et al., (2012) aimed to investigate about the barrier and facilitator to weightmanagement experienced by people in Isfahan.The significance of the study is established by the researcher by the statistics on increasein rate of obesity in US and Iran and prevalence of many other associated diseases (diabetes,coronary heart disease and hypertension) linked to obesity (Withrow & Alter, 2011). The qualityof the study is high as aims and objectives has been clearly defined with identify of research gapand research problem. The research question and aim was adequately defined enhancing therational for research. The research question was also related to the research problem asidentifying barriers and facilitators will help to control the prevalence of obesity.
2RESEARCH CRITIQUEMethod of the study: The inquiry in qualitative research is enhanced when the researcher used a framework ora grounded theory or specific perspective to further develop the study. This promotes building alogical argument for the study. The review of the study by Abolhassani et al., (2012) showed thatthe researched used a specific approach for inquiry by means of qualitative content analysismethod. To maximize the quality of the research data, purposive sampling method was applied toinclude only those participants who were unsatisfied with their weight and had at least oneexperience of reducing their weight. Such sampling strategy enabled collection of data specific tothe research question. The advantage of such method of sampling is that it is based on thejudgment of researcher and it promotes achievement of the main goals of research. However, thisapproach is prone to many biases too because individual judgement differs (Etikan, Musa, &Alkassim, 2016). Unstructured one-on-one interview was done to collect data. Secondly, opencoding approach was useful in categorizing the content according to barriers and facilitators. Thecredibility of the data was also enhanced by prolonged engagement with participants anddebriefing with participants. There was also a focus on improving the transferability of theresearch study by taking the participants from different socioeconomic group. Results of study: The outcome of the interview revealed that all participants were obese or overweight andcause of this varied among all participants. Another key finding was that no one took advice orsupervision from health care professionals for weight management, instead they used their ownknowledge to control weight. Only took advice from nutritionist, however they did not continuedwith the weight management routine for a long time. In terms of barrier to weight management,physical issues in participants, lack of motivation and lack of family support was major reason

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