Acute Severe Asthma Assignment

Added on - Nov 2020

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Concept Map
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK..............................................................................................................................................1Pathophysiology...............................................................................................................................1Case Study.......................................................................................................................................3Q1:..........................................................................................................................................3Q2:..........................................................................................................................................4Q3:.........................................................................................................................................5a.)..................................................................................................................................5b.).................................................................................................................................6CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................6REFERENCES................................................................................................................................7
INTRODUCTIONConcept Map refers to the diagram that shows suggested relationships among concepts. Itbegins with the main concept or idea and then branch out to demonstrate how that idea can befragmented into specific topics. This assignment is based on Acute Severe Asthma which isformerly called as status asthmaticus. It is an acute asthma exacerbation which can result inhypercarbia, hypoxemia and secondary respiratory failure (Status Asthmaticus, 2018). JacksonSmith is an 18 year old boy who is suffering from acute severe asthma. In this report, a conceptmap of disease is developed and pathogenesis causing clinical manifestations is defined. Somenursing strategies to manage patients with asthma, action mechanism of drugs and its nursingimplications are defined in this project.TASKPathophysiologyDisease:Acute Severe AsthmaCausesCome in contact with asthma triggers or allergic things.Avoiding use of peak flow meterDo not intake asthma medications timelyViral infectionPathogenesisEndobronchial biopsy tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid is examined.More number of neutrophils are seen in BAL fluid with increased levels of eosinophils ininitial 48 hours but seem to fall rapidly in response to corticosteroid therapy.BAL fluid contained increased level of pro inflammatory mediators interleukin IL-6,(IL)-1β and TNF‐α (tumour necrosis factor).T cell activation with increased T cell makers and Oxidant stress.Increase in oxygen free radical production that overwhelms host antioxidant defence.Clinical ManifestationsSevere dyspnoeaInability to speak sentences in one breathSpO2 90%, on room airRespiratory rate of 32 breaths/minute1
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