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Approach To Care For CancerName:1
IntroductionThe symptoms for cancer need to be closely examined to determine cancer. The doctor can well guide and tell based on the symptoms and signs in case the same are being associated to cancer. The crucial diagnosis and staging can aid in learning while giving the understanding linked to thecomplications that can arise for patients undergoing cancer treatment (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp.620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). There are various methods that can aidin the reduction of physical and psychological effects being linked to cancer. The significance lies in the comprehension of treatment and the side effects too. Diagnosis & Staging of CancerThe cause for cancer is attributed to various symptoms. It can also be the case that the symptoms are not a result of cancer, rather other benign tumors that can form the cause. The diagnosis for cancer is based on the screening tests that are conducted. There would be certain symptoms that are indicative of cancer too. The lab tests, procedures and tests done can point out towards the diagnosis. It’s crucial to consider the lab tests pertain to body fluids, urine and blood. The same is helpful for the doctors to well diagnose. Based on the various lab tests and imaging procedures encompassing the CT scan, Ultrasound, MRI and Nuclear scan, the diagnosis can be done for cancer (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). The various imaging procedures can be helpful. Basis the CT scan, the detailed images pertaining to the body are taken and highlighting the areas in the body can be well done with the use of dye. 2
The PET scan also aids in the diagnosis for cancer. The machine assists in the 3-dimensional pictures which clearly show the tracer collects being in the body. The functioning of the organs and tissues and the manner they are functioning can be well determined with the PET scan (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). The biopsy is helpful in diagnosis too. The procedure involves the removal of sample of tissue. A pathologist is able to determine the presence of cancerous cells in the tissue through a microscopic view of the same. The biopsy can be performed through the needle or with the help of surgery or endoscopy being conducted. Staging is a manner in which the size of cancer or to the extent it has spread can be well determined. In the diagnosis with the screening procedures or through the aids of biopsy conducted, doctors are able to determine the spread (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). The system of TNM tends to be effective in the analysis. While the abbreviation denotes Tumour, Node and Metastasis, the staging number from 1-4 are indicative in cancer. The stage one signifies the extent to a smaller region and relatively smaller size. The stage two is bigger in size and extent as compared to stage one (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). The stage two also remarks that the cancer cells have been spread into the various lymph nodes which are closer to tumor. A larger size is denoted from the stage three and this is when the spread takes place in the adjoining tissue (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). The last stage or stage four does indicate that another body organ has been impacted due to cancer and the stage is also remarked as metastatic cancer or being secondary in nature. 3
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