Assignment Reduction Of Physical & Psychological Effects Of Cancer
Added on - Sep 2019
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IntroductionThe symptoms for cancer need to be closely examined to determine cancer. The doctor can wellguide and tell based on the symptoms and signs in case the same are being associated to cancer.The crucial diagnosis and staging can aid in learning while giving the understanding linked to thecomplications that can arise for patients undergoing cancer treatment (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp.620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). There are various methods that can aidin the reduction of physical and psychological effects being linked to cancer. The significancelies in the comprehension of treatment and the side effects too.Diagnosis & Staging of CancerThe cause for cancer is attributed to various symptoms. It can also be the case that the symptomsare not a result of cancer, rather other benign tumors that can form the cause. The diagnosis forcancer is based on the screening tests that are conducted. There would be certain symptoms thatare indicative of cancer too.The lab tests, procedures and tests done can point out towards the diagnosis. It’s crucial toconsider the lab tests pertain to body fluids, urine and blood. The same is helpful for the doctorsto well diagnose. Based on the various lab tests and imaging procedures encompassing the CTscan, Ultrasound, MRI and Nuclear scan, the diagnosis can be done for cancer (Mottet, N. et al.,2017, pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). The various imagingprocedures can be helpful. Basis the CT scan, the detailed images pertaining to the body aretaken and highlighting the areas in the body can be well done with the use of dye.
The PET scan also aids in the diagnosis for cancer. The machine assists in the 3-dimensionalpictures which clearly show the tracer collects being in the body. The functioning of the organsand tissues and the manner they are functioning can be well determined with the PET scan(Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). Thebiopsy is helpful in diagnosis too. The procedure involves the removal of sample of tissue.A pathologist is able to determine the presence of cancerous cells in the tissue through amicroscopic view of the same. The biopsy can be performed through the needle or with the helpof surgery or endoscopy being conducted.Staging is a manner in which the size of cancer or to the extent it has spread can be welldetermined. In the diagnosis with the screening procedures or through the aids of biopsyconducted, doctors are able to determine the spread (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp. 620; Navani, N.et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). The system of TNM tends to be effective in theanalysis.While the abbreviation denotes Tumour, Node and Metastasis, the staging number from 1-4 areindicative in cancer. The stage one signifies the extent to a smaller region and relatively smallersize. The stage two is bigger in size and extent as compared to stage one (Mottet, N. et al., 2017,pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al., 2014). The stage two also remarks thatthe cancer cells have been spread into the various lymph nodes which are closer to tumor.A larger size is denoted from the stage three and this is when the spread takes place in theadjoining tissue (Mottet, N. et al., 2017, pp. 620; Navani, N. et al., 2015; Heidenreich, A. et al.,2014). The last stage or stage four does indicate that another body organ has been impacted dueto cancer and the stage is also remarked as metastatic cancer or being secondary in nature.