Assignment Human Development || Bronfenbrenner’s Model

Added on - Feb 2020

Trusted by 2+ million users,
1000+ happy students everyday
Showing pages 1 to 3 of 8 pages
Running head: LIFE SPAN AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT1Life Span and Human DevelopmentName:Institution:
Life Span and Human Development2Part A: Revise Bronfenbrenner’s modelBronfenbrenner’s model outlines the interactions of genes during human developmentwithin the environment. This model is significant since it outlines the events which occur in theChild’s life, and they influence their development. The five systems which form theBronfenbrenner model are the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem, the macro system,and finally, the chronosystem (Ryan, 2001). First, the microsystem is viewed as the smallestamong the five systems, and it refers to the first surrounding where the child lives (Peterson &Education, 2014). Children experience immediate interactions with the guardians or theimmediate family. Children react based on the treatments they receive and hence their biologicaland genetic personality characteristics are impacted. Bronfenbrenner’s mesosystem outlines howthe child’s body parts function together. It implies that the child obtains lessons based on theactions of the caregiver hence they may be hindered from developing within other channels. Theexosystem explores places and persons which may impact the development of a child thoughthey may not interact (Rushton, 2004). For instance, if the parent delays to get money to settlethe bills since they were fired from work or rather if the parent is promoted in the workplace thechild may experience negative and positive impacts respectively (Sigelman, Rider, & DeGeorge-Walker, 2016). The macro system is viewed as the largest system involves the wars,economy, and the national government which are great elements which may impact thedevelopment of a child. Finally, the chronosystem incorporates the element of time which relates
Life Span and Human Development3to the surroundings of a child during development. There are factors from the externalsurrounding such as a guardian’s death timing, or from the internal surrounding such as thepsychological changes which impact the development of a child.Part 2: Applying Bronfenbrenner's modelIn applying Bronfenbrenner’s model, Rushton’s article regarding the genetic andenvironmental factors which impact the individual’s attitude is considered. To start with, thesignificant question addressed by the author is how genetics impacts the prosocial behavior(Harris, 2000). Therefore, the author’s work initially shows that genes impact the measures ofempathy, self-report altruism, and the individual aggression which includes the violent acts. Thecurrent research presents the results regarding the genetic, social responsibility through theconsideration of the monozygotic twins. People are viewed as intelligent based on trust andfactors of social responsibility in their lives (Rushton, 2004). They also have different opinionsregarding the social responsibility in regarding genetics. Therefore, the author engages in theneurohormonal, adoption, as well as the twin’s research to respond to the question regarding thegenetic changes in the antisocial and the prosocial perspective. The author incorporates otherstudies such as Harris et al. (2000), and Krueger et al. (2001) to support his research.The study explores various dependent variables such as 148 pairs of twins who aredizygotic, the pairs of monozygotic twins were 174; a 22-item social responsibility questionnairewas as well provided. In simple words, 322 pairs of twins which imply that 644 individualsparticipated in the response to the study (Rushton, 2004). The twins used were between the agegaps of 18-75 years which make an average of 32 years. Amongst the monozygotic pairs used,73 were males and 101 females, the dizygotics were made of 28 males and 62 females, and in
Desklib Logo
You are reading a preview
Upload your documents to download or

Become a Desklib member to get access