Assignment On Social Justice & Criminal Justice

Added on -2020-02-05

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Criminal justice cannot beachieved in the absence ofsocial justice
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................4REFERENCES................................................................................................................................6
INTRODUCTIONThe term justice is elusive and its meaning vary from person to person. It can change indifferent circumstances and can be quite personal in nature. It is often interchanged with theterm fairness. All people want that they should be treated fairly and all have different version offairness (Ministry of Justice, 2010). It is the responsibility of society to set laws, moral codes,sanctions and expectations to ensure that the justice is provided to the masses. Social justice andcriminal justice are the two main examples through which society accomplish goal.Social justice can be defined as the just and fair relationship between society andindividuals. It is an overarching concept which is concerned about what is fair and unfair, rightand wrong (Young, Adamou and Asherson, 2011). The concept of fairness and correctness areapplied in the society by the principle of equality or equal opportunity of the social justice. It isthe proper and fair law administration that is in conformity with the natural law which states thatall persons should be treated equally irrespective of their ethnic origin, religion, race,possessions, gender etc. There should be no prejudice on the basis of all these factors. It assignsthe duties and rights in the institutions of society so that basic benefits and burdens ofcooperation can be provided to the people. These institutions generally consist of public health,taxation, public school, public insurance, public services, market regulations and labour lawwhich ensures that the wealth is fairly distributed; there is equality of outcome and equalopportunities (Van Ness and Strong, 2014). For example – equal employment opportunities,welfare programs, free public education, universal right to vote etc. It is a vast concept andencompasses equal social, economical and political rights and opportunities.Criminal justice is determined as the system of institutions and practices of thegovernment that are directed to uphold social control, mitigation and deterrent of crimes, orsanctioning criminal penalties and efforts for rehabilitation on those who violate laws. The mainaim of the criminal justice system is to deliver justice by punishing and convicting the guilty andhelping them stop offences so that innocent people can be protected. There are mainly fivecomponents of criminal justice system – enforcement of law, attorneys for defence, prosecution,corrections and courts (Reisig, Tankebe and Mesko, 2014). All these components play a cardinalrole in the process of criminal justice. Although criminal justice and social justice are two different aspects yet they are deeplyinter related with each other. Criminal justice is a subset of social justice which is applicable1

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