CHCECE006. A 4 year old child becomes able to say the n
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CHCECE006A 4 year old child becomes able to say the name along with 250-500 additional words (WebMD,2018). The child also becomes able to answer simple questions and can frame complete sentenceswith five to six words. The 4-year-old child can speak with clarity and tell stories also.In case of 6 year old child, the speech should be comprehensible by the strangers. The child alsobecomes able to use the grammatical markers (Speech And Language Kids, 2018). The child alsodevelops the pragmatic skills such as asking meaning of the word, using requests and threats andmaking purchases.At the age of 12, the children start abstract thinking, reasoning and applying logic (Scholastic.com,2018). At the age of 12, the children enter the stage of formal operations. The children also starts toshow their language and literacy skills in the school.References:Scholastic.com. (2018). Language Development in 11-13 Year Olds. Retrieved fromhttps://www.scholastic.com/parents/family-life/social-emotional-learning/development-milestones/language-development-11-13-year-olds.htmlSpeech And Language Kids. (2018). 6 Year Old Speech and Language Skills - Speech And LanguageKids. Retrieved from https://www.speechandlanguagekids.com/what-speech-and-language-skills-should-my-6-year-old-have/WebMD. (2018). 3- to 4-Year-Old Developmental Milestones: Cognitive, Language, and Motor Skills.Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/parenting/3-to-4-year-old-milestones#1Managing noise is important in a supportive environment. Lower noise level helps the children toconcentrate on their activities and also keep the environment comfortable for them. The noise level canbe managed in several ways. Using the carpet on floor can absorb additional noises. Similarly, use ofabsorbent tile on the ceiling is also effective to reduce the noise level. The reading center is an areawhere the noise should be managed effectively to enable the children to pay close attention to theiractivities. Sometimes, the children can make noises while executing some tasks. Such tasks can be doneoutdoors if possible to develop the supportive environment.The daylight plays an important role to enhance the comfort level and productivity of the occupants. Thedaylight also ensures the mental and visual stimulation for controlling the circadian symptoms(Earlychildhoodnews.com, 2018). The color plays an important role to control the light in a room. Thecolor and decolorations in a childcare facility should be used to stimulate energy. As per the purpose ofan area, the color in the childcare facility should be used. Use of soft pastels and light colors increase theconcentration of children. So, the idea of using dark colors is not effective.Reference:Earlychildhoodnews.com. (2018). Earlychildhood NEWS - Article Reading Center. Retrieved fromhttp://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=294
The environment for the children can be stimulated in several ways. The environment in the care settingshould enhance the social, emotional, cognitive and physical skills. The learning in a childcare facility canbe stimulated in the following ways—Development of places for physical activities:The environment in a childcare settingshould provide the children with the scope to get involved into the physical activities(Earlychildhoodnews.com, 2018). Participating into the physical activities fosters overallgrowth of the children.Flexible for continuous changes:The children prefer continuous changes(Earlychildhoodnews.com, 2018). Therefore, the stimuli present around them in achildcare facility needs to be changed on a continuous basis. Therefore, the childcarefacility should have the flexibility for changing the sceneries, colors and the textures.Reference:Earlychildhoodnews.com. (2018). Earlychildhood NEWS - Article Reading Center. Retrieved fromhttp://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=294The characteristics of expected behavior include–The individual should be able to respect own strengths and weaknesses. In case of childcarefacility, the professionals need to be able to show respect to the strengths and weaknesses of thestudents(TeacherVision, 2018).The individuals need to realize that the social and emotional growth of a person is a continuousprocessThe professionals should have the ability to express his/her expectations from the children, thegoals and rulesThe professionals should be able to respond to a particular behavior in a predictable andconsistent mannerThe professional needs to have the ability to discriminate between the issues associated withproblem ownership and responsibilityThe professionals require showing higher degree of self-efficacy and empathyReference:TeacherVision. (2018). Characteristics of Effective Behavior Managers. Retrieved fromhttps://www.teachervision.com/characteristics-effective-behavior-managersPlease let others finish their words first and then share your views.Please make sure others are not getting hurt due to your activities.Please run outside the room.You should ask before taking someone else’s property.Please share your toys with others.Washing a car can be an interesting activity to the children to learn the self-help skills and develop theconfidence. However, in order to make the child able to wash the car properly under adult supervision,
demonstrating clear instructions is necessary. The current section deals with providing the instructions toa child to make able for washing the car.1.Make sure the car the parked outside2.Figure out all the things you need to wash the car such as cleaner, water, bucket, wash mitt,brush and towel and keep them in an easily accessible place3.At first wash the car with hose4.Check whether the dirt has got softened and loosened5.Clean the wheels first with soapy water and a brush6.Once the wheels are cleaned, start washing the car body part by part. Apply cleaner and waterand scrub the body if necessary.7.Once soapy water is applied all over the car, start washing with clean water carefully. Make sureno trace of soap and dirt is left on the car.8.When the car is clean, make it dry with a towel.While instructing a child, being specific is necessary. The children can do a task more effectively whenthe specific instructions are given. In case of my instructions, I missed specifying the details such as thetype of brush to be used or direction of the water to be applied to wash the car properly. My instructionswould be more effective if I added more specifications to it. Simple instructions are easily comprehensibleto the child. Next time, I will need to make the instructions clearer and simpler so that the children caneasily understand them. The complex instructions can be broken up into smaller parts so that they focuson one single task at a time.The non-verbal communication focuses on using the behavioral and speech elements to transmitmeaning. The components of non-verbal communication include the items like, speed, pitch, and tonefacial expression, gesture, and stance, proximity to the audience, eye contact and appearance (Burgoonet al., 2016). In case of non-verbal communication, the encoding and decoding process can be executedconsciously and unconsciously. In non-verbal communication, the encoding of messages is done usingthe universal information. The non-verbal communication is influenced by several factors such as thecultural background of an individual and the socio-economic influence.Reference:Burgoon, J. K., Guerrero, L. K., & Floyd, K. (2016).Nonverbal communication. Routledge.Direct eye contact, pitch and tone of voice are important to share the non-verbal messages(Burgoon etal., 2016). While providing instruction to a young person, I should use clear voice and direct eye-contactfor non-verbal communication.Reference:
Burgoon, J. K., Guerrero, L. K., & Floyd, K. (2016).Nonverbal communication. Routledge.In case of an unexpected behavior, at first getting attention of the child is needed (Gabor et al., 2016). So,in this case, I should use clear voice to address the child and get the attention.The positive reinforcement allows the children to repeat the expected behavior. The examples of positivereinforcement may include—Allowing the children to take part in their favorite activities for good behaviorPraising the children for conducting some tasks in the right wayProviding the children with an item they prefer for their good behaviorReference:Gabor, A. M., Fritz, J. N., Roath, C. T., Rothe, B. R., & Gourley, D. A. (2016). Caregiver preference forreinforcement‐based interventions for problem behavior maintained by positive reinforcement.Journal ofapplied behavior analysis,49(2), 215-227.Ripping pages of the book is an unexpected behaviour from the child. The inappropriate behaviors fromthe children need to be managed with patience and care (Meppelder et al., 2016). In this case, the childshould be informed that ripping the pages is an inappropriate behaviour and it is not expected fromhim/her. The child should also be informed that due to the act, the book is being destroyed which is not atall acceptable. Giving the child an idea of the consequences of the activity can be effective to stop thebehaviour.Reference:Meppelder, M., Hodes, M., Kef, S., & Schuengel, C. (2015). Parenting stress and child behaviourproblems among parents with intellectual disabilities: the buffering role of resources.Journal ofIntellectual Disability Research,59(7), 664-677.The young person in this case has failed to understand the importance of practicing. The young personalso failed to understand that his work is causing disturbance for others which is not acceptable. So, theyoung person should be made aware of how his activities are affecting others. The person also needs tounderstand why his act is not socially acceptable.The children often face difficulties to accept that every situation may not be favorable for them. When thesituations go wrong, young people can lose control over their emotions and react. In the current case, theyoung person has failed to accept the failure and it led to loss of temper. So, the person needs to betaught how to stay calm when he loses the game. The person also needs to be taught about the fact thatwin and defeat are part of the game. So, it is necessary to improve own skills for avoiding loss.