Child abuse: Mitigation strategies.

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Child abuse: Mitigation strategiesWord count 2238 excluding references1
1.0.IntroductionChild abuse is a condition of enthusiastic, physical, financial and sexual abuse occasionallyobserved in humans worldwide at an age of below 18 years.The developing risk of life andthe sensational changes occur due to economic conditions have assumed to be the majorcontributing factor for expanding the vulnerability of towards the diverse forms of abuse(Kiran, 2011).The abuse is an infringement and is an essential part for the privileges and it isthe result of an arrangement between familial, social, mental and financial elements. The partof child misuse and human rights infringement is a standout amongst basic matters globally.It wasestimated that about 3.3-10 million kids are suffered each year to aggressive behaviorat home(Moylanet al., 2010). According to the reports, about 900,000 children were foundto be categorized as maltreated by either parents or caretakers (Moylan et al., 2010).The kidswho exposed to misuse are more proneto experience a broad range of untowardpsychosocialand behavioral attitude (Herrenkohl et al., 2008). In addition, the untoward experiencesdeveloped during childhood are one of the risk factor for the development of diversepsychiatric symptoms (Yang et al.,2013). In addition, the factors that potentiate abusesymptomsinclude tobacco or cigarette smoking, excessive eating, drinking alcohol and druguse.The present paper describes the evidences of child abuse and its repercussions on health andsociety. Emphasis was given for the case study pertaining to the development of abuse,impact on Samuel health followed by possible recommendations to minimize the potential ofabuse.2.0.Literature reviewThe supporting evidences that related to current context has been searched utilizing on-linesources, magazines, articles with case studies and text books from library. The keywords usedfor the online search include, potential impact of abuse, contributing factors for abuse and its2
effect on child growth, risk in children and adolescents; interventions and risk management.The web sources used for the search include Pub med, Springer link, Ingenta, Informahealthcare, Science direct and Weily science. Precautions were taken to filter the search inorder to get relevant articles to the current context. The summary of search was described insubsequent sections.3.0.Potential impact of abuse on the development and wellbeing of the childThe humans at young age are in general moves around either parents or care-providers. Thecare providers are the major source for the safety and wellbeing of children in terms ofaffection, understanding and support (Daro & Dodge, 2009).Theabuse damages the trust andconfidence on kid’s relationship with the society. In case of negative relationship, caninfluence the individual’s ability to develop and maintainsignificant attachments throughoutlife.Survivors experience conflictual associations and rambunctious lifestyles, frequentlyreport inconveniences forming adult intimate associations and the behavior showed thatundermine and bother comfortable associations. The long haul effect of misuse on childwellbeing is extensive; a few studies demonstrate that, without regards to adequate supportthe impact abuse can last a lifetime(Draper et al., 2008).The survivors of kids misuse exhibita poor emotional well-being, misery, poor physical wellbeing, and adolescence physical andsexual misuse, expanded danger of medicinal illnesses, connections, disconnection andbehavioral wellbeing impacts.If the management of abuse is neglected, can lead todepression, anxiety disorders, aggressive behavior, suicide attempts and eating disorders etc(CDC, 2016).4.0.Factors influencing child abuseThe factors that contribute for child abuse include parental factors, environmental factors andchild factors (Fraser et al., 2010). The parental factors include, has already abused a child,being an abused parent; unsupported mother with low education; caregiver is detached and3
has few backings; caregivers with mental issue. The ecological variables includeovercrowded, absence of chance to improve the income of family; family brutality and familyis encountering numerous burdens.The kids elements include infant is wiped out; kid has aphysical or formative handicap; kid is the result of a damaging relationship and absence ofconnection amongst child and caregiver.However, the tendency of child abuse can beminimized utilizing with educating the child and their caregivers. Nurses play an essentialresponsibility in educating the patients to minimize the abuse. According to Fraser et al.,(2010), the associationbetween the characteristics of nurses towards practical skills, learningof authoritative reporting obligation and attitude for child misuse and neglect. The nurseswith adequate training showed significant reduction in the symptoms of abuse(Fraser et al.,2010).4.1. Effect of abuse on normal and abnormal patterns of growthThe critical period of child is infancy as most of the organs are under development includingbrain. The abuse can influencepositive and the negative impacts of the outer environmentE.g., shaken child disorder, is an outcome of physical misuse(Al Odhayani et al., 2013) dueto damage of brain structure. The underlying mechanisms for such effect could be the highlevels ofcortisol and catecholamine. The toddler age begins from second year, where thechild shows certain symptoms of stress and reaction towards emotional expression. Similardevelopments could happen during preschool age along with certain developments for theverbal bullying (Leeb et al., 2007). In contrast, girls develop ‘depression’ kind of symptomsand pain at head and abdomen region due to the involvement of somatic nerves (Dehon &Weems, 2010). The children with normal physiology and development show an interactingbehavior with peers during primary school stage. Whereas the children with abuse show pooracademic performance, attentively of listening, and substantial friendship. Adults withnormal developments did not show evidence of development of psychological disorders4
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