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Concept of Leadership and Management- Assignment

Added on - 23 Nov 2020

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Leadership and Management
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................2Difference between the concept of management and leadership...........................................2The difference between the concept of leadership and management.....................................3Analysis of Transformational Leadership..............................................................................6Management Development programme of Marks and Spencer.............................................9CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................12REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................13
INTRODUCTIONLeadership and management are mostly considered as a synonym but leadership is one ofmost important part of management at workplace. Leadership is ability of a team leader ormanager to inspire, motivate, influence team members to accomplish set desired goals.Leadership is considered as a process of directing, guiding and also influencing behaviour andwork performance of organisational members. A leader is a good listener, creative, innovative,honest and capable of decision making. On the other hand, management is the art of gettingthings done by manpower & with the available resources of the organisation. It basicallyinvolves planning, organising, directing, coordinating, staffing & controlling the human,financial and other resources of the organisation effectively to achieve business goals andobjectives successfully.The report will outline about specific style of leadership that is “Transformationalleadership style”. Transformational Leadership helps leaders of firm in enhancing morale andmotivation level of employees for success of business organisation. Further the study willidentify Management development programme of Marks and Spencer with the motive offocusing on leadership development.
MAIN BODYDifference between the concept of management and leadership.Leadership is the set of actions where a leader guides and supervise the work to its teammembers or workers for the attainment and achievement of the objectives of the company. Noteveryone has a potential to be a leader, it requires a lot of knowledge, confidence, skills, patienceand enthusiasm to be an efficient leader. A leader is a good listener and is a person who is alwaysopen to suggestions by the members of its team.According to Amanchukwu, 2015, Leadership is an activitythat involves an individualwho lead and it involves people who take orders, therefore it is a two-way process.To be a goodleader there is no specific style available but the leader should be dynamic in nature who canchange the style of leadership with the given situation to get the best result. Further,Paliszkiewicz, 2015, stated that there are a lot of leadership styles like autocratic style whichsuggest difference of leading where a leader gives order and assignsduties to its employeeswhere the power lies with the leader itself and employees are not allowed to givesuggestions anddecisions are made by the leader. However, Berson, 2016, discussed about democratic leadershipstyle where the leader leads its team members by welcoming their ideas and suggestions as well.The leader encourages team to participate in decision making and also the leader listens top eachand every member of the organisation and then come up with the best decision. This encouragesthe workers to give their best performance and motivates them as they think they are beingrecognised. According to Arnold, 2015, free rein leader never interferes in the life of itssubordinates. This style lacks responsibility and authority, and there is no control on theemployees. It enhances friendship among the groups and give flexibility to people in workingwhichaffects the productivity of the company.The last style of leadership is paternalistic approach where leaderconsider asfather andits members as children and guides them throughout and protect them like a child (Mertkan, andet.al., 2017).This is suitable for the firms where the workers are teenagers or are young in agebut companies with mature adults cannot follow this type of approach as adults will not like itand it will lead to irritation among the employees which will decrease the productivity.Management simply means getting things done by others by using human resources in amost effective manner to achieve goals of company in a specified time limit, it is requiredeverywhere. It includes various functions from planning, organising, coordinating etc. According2
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