Construction Equipment and Operations Automation and Robotics.

Added on - 20 Sep 2019

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Construction Equipment and Operations Automation and Robotics1
Table of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Brief outline of the entire study undertaking...................................................................................3Introduction of the measures of the topic under consideration........................................................3Technological advancement selected and how it works..................................................................4How it is incorporated into the construction industry.....................................................................9Associated benefits at task, project and industry...........................................................................10Current limitations, drawbacks or risks of usage...........................................................................12Proposed next generation of this technology as seen relevant by the student...............................12Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................14Reference List................................................................................................................................152
IntroductionBrief outline of the entire study undertakingThe requirement of the automation based robotic technology innovation in the businessapplication can be acknowledged through the realisation of optimization prospects ofconstruction industry itself. The advent of computer also heralded in the process of utilization ofsoftware based computer applications for the purpose of mechanization and utilization ofautomation to control machines through computerized systems with progressively lesserrequirement for human intervention. In spite of the fact that robotic and automation technologycould provide new horizons to the process of better control and execution of the constructionindustrial tasks, innovation based computerized machines have not been introduced with the paceand swiftness which could be expected of such precision based technology in terms ofapplication in the construction projects throughout the world. Robotics and automation areresponsible to perform all of the complex sequences of construction operations as well asproviding new dimensions of precision and control to the overall responsibility profile ofsupervision regarding the construction projects. Construction automation could not only involvean entire range of equipment such as from basic devices to completely mechanized gadgets butalso involves gathering of necessary information and graphically showing the outcomes of eachoperation continuously.Introduction of the measures of the topic under considerationThus, the topic selected regarding such considerations of enhancing construction managementcapability through robotically operated automation systems in construction and engineeringrelated projects, as per the research ofVähäet al(2013), it could be highlighted that undertakingof research and evaluation in this direction is a well established objective bordering on the3
necessity to determine the extent to which automation and utilization of robots have transformedthe construction sector in the present era. The construction projects of the concurrent time span avast spectrum involving strictly architectural projects such as skyscraper constructions toextensive public utility services such as subterranean sewage passages as well as undergroundrailway and highway construction, to even complicated megaproject based undertakings such ashydroelectric dams, airports, bridges and tunnel construction initiatives. Application of multipledevices and machinery which could be synchronized as well as controlled through the utilizationof computer aided control and supervision mechanisms has thus become essential on the basis ofcost management and risk reduction potential realisation for the construction managementagencies which could be undertaking such responsibilities of engineering such objects. To thiseffect, as per the research ofFenget al(2015), it could be ascertained that the measures anddimensions of the research topic under consideration are relative to the hyper competitive marketscenario oriented and production optimization directive guided process rationalization regardingthe construction projects and related operations which could be underway throughout the globalconstruction industry. Thus, the necessity of robotisation as well as automated constructionsystem utilization could be determined to be paramount from a managerial and administrativeperspective regarding culmination of the construction projects of various nature and extent. Thecorresponding study is particularly reflective of the attempt to put such criteria in perspectivethrough an in-depth and analytical approach to this topic.Technological advancement selected and how it worksTechnological advancements regarding automation and application of robots for the purpose ofthe improvement and optimization of the construction sector based projects could be outlinedthrough the evaluative review of available information concerning the involvement of robotic4
automation in masonry production regarding the discourse of factory built prefabricated housesand buildings. As per the research ofSweet (2016), onsite built housing is critically reliant on theaspects of mass production and customization through large volume manufacturing. This makesit incumbent to utilise robotic equipment and automated pre-cast formulation techniques whichare vital regarding ensuring achievement of large masonry elements which could exceed theweight category of 50kg and more. Another key factor in this process could be highlightedthrough the application of specifically programmed robots, with the aid of systems software andhardware applications, to achieve the placement of every format of existing masonry such aslime stone, bricks, adhesives and minerals such as gypsum or cement on pallets. This placementservice could be better performed through the automated positional inspection robots whichcould flawlessly place windows, doors, plumbing units, piping for wastage service managementas well as the insulation tiles and roof segments within any brick configured house regarding themanagement of the bricks and other masonry related components. The automated robots could,according toKinget al(2014), as well provide the Plaster of Paris and other safety quoting bothat the interior as well as the exterior of the masonry walls through precision controlled sprayingmachines. In addition to this, the vertically operating production robots could emplace thebondage elements such as the cement or other mortar elements through a layer by layer processin between the masonry and could also place the reinforcement steel bars in between such layerssimultaneously which could as well safe quite a considerable percentage of the cost which couldhave been incurred if such tasks had to be undertaken manually.The computerization and automation relating to the prefabrication of building materialdevelopment normally can be categorized into three segments. The first one is related to theprocess of formulation of prefabricated construction components including the parts, boards,5
precast, framework and so on, which are associated principally with the development of buildingsections.The second one, according toKamaruddin, Mohammad and Mahbub (2016), is related to theprocess of making effective assembly of preconfigured and fabricated building sections and thento emplace them within actual structures, houses and so forth by a variety of automated robotsincluding laser designation pods through which the actual emplacement undertakings could beachieved without any margin of error in the most precise manner. This could also lead tomanagement of deadlines in an effective manner through which conflicting workflows could beavoided on part of the construction subcontractors.The third category is related to the application of automated robots in the construction taskswhich represent the core activities as well as the support mechanisms such as management ofproject schedules, supply chains, processing and constituting hard copies of the necessaryconstruction logs and labour charts along with other significant documentation, instructionmanuals and other guideline material concerning the workflow management processes andultimately the scheduling processes of planned moves within the overall construction projectendeavour which could require immense and immediate capability of processing and storage ofdata as well as communicating the outcomes of administrative decisions to the site managers. Allthese could be best utilised through multiple elements of Information Technology basedapplications.According to the research ofArdiny, Witwicki and Mondada (2015), the accompanying relief inthe manpower requirements and time consumption reduction is a prime catalyst for roboticautomation of construction services. Stationary as well as mobile construction segment6
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