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Devry UniversitySlavery and Education1Essie CrawfordTo Determine the Compatibility Between Slavery and EducationIntroductionThe paper will help in understanding the various characteristics and features of theslavery from which the people suffered in the past and its impact on the education that they gotor did not get. The reasons that made people suffer from slavery and lack of education will alsobe discussed after reviewing the history and the literature related to this problem. Also, the levelof education that they desired and the level which they actually got (or did not get) will bediscussed in the paper. It will give an insight to the public and the other researchers about theslavery that the people faced in the past and the way in which it was related to their education.The research will try to find why women are generally (statistically) better at school in theAfrican American community than their male counterparts.Literature ReviewFrederick Douglass has written an autobiography called “The Narrative of the Life ofFrederick Douglass” (Douglass, F., 2000). In that book, he has mentioned clearly that the slaveryand education are incompatible with each other. The reason that he has given for this is that inhis entire life he has constantly been oscillating between an intense desires to become literate andeducated and giving up hope altogether. He felt that slavery was a pit in which he was fallen, andhe could not find a ladder to come out of it. Acquiring education was a constant battle for himwhich was very unlike to other people for whom getting educated was no big deal because theywere not the sufferers of slavery. Not only this, the condition of African Americans was alsovery
Devry UniversitySlavery and Education2Essie Crawfordbad in terms of slavery and education. They continuously fought for education because ofslavery in which they were living. This shows that the issue of slavery and education had a greatimpact on our history and it may still be persisting in many societies. Therefore, it needs to beexamined.According to the researchers (Bertocchi, G., 2015), if the government implements some ofthe policy measures, then also the educational inequality cannot be eradicated. This is becausethe roots of this problem lie in the colonial institution of the slave labor that had been widespreadin the US and Latin America until the nineteenth century. The author has found a negativerelation between slavery and the educational outcomes. In some countries, the historical slaveryhas affected the level of education of people, and hence the income inequality persisted there.Though policies had been implemented, but they aimed to remove the racial, educationalinequalities in the school but, no immediate solution was found. In this article, the writer(Mahmood, H., 2013) has described the concept of slavery as the ownership of one man by theother, the tearing of the families apart from each other, dehumanizing of the people, and crushingof the will of many people. Education/knowledge does bring pain and misery to all of us! Yet,ignorance and its "bliss" are not acceptable.Further, the author has described the slavery as a profession in which the Blacks wereemployed. The author has quoted that, ‘they were driven and ordered by their masters who hadno interest in knowing about their skills that can make them more valuable and useful for otherthings. Slowly the level of education began to rise among the Blacks, and they started getting theformal education from the Church of England. The slaves were invited to the churches forlearning about how to read and write. This improved their condition a bit. But, getting educated
Devry UniversitySlavery and Education3Essie Crawfordwas a continuous struggle for them. This shows that the slaves had more difficulty in getting thebenefits of education than the other people and they found it incompatible to get the educationdue to their condition of slavery.One of the authors has mentioned in the article that slavery has devastating effects allover the world. The author of this article has quoted that, ‘one of the ways in which slavery hasaffected the lives of people is in the form of their inability to receive any form of education’. Byquoting this, the author wanted to show the incompatibility between the two. Further, the author(McMillan, S.T) has described the compatibility between slavery and education from thepersonal experiences. The condition of the education of the Africans during the period of theirslavery has been discussed here. When the Blacks suffered from slavery, their education wasbased on three principles: the education of the ideals of the Bible and Christianity, the support ofeducation by the Quakers and the way to get free with the help of education. The author hasdescribed the slavery as a profession in which the Blacks were employed. The author has quotedthat, “for climbing out of that abyss, they required to be educated so that they could get into goodjobs, settle in good houses, but, their education level remained segregated and inferior”(Greenberg, J., 2010) . This has been quoted because he wants to tell the readers about thebenefits of education that the people can get and the way in which education can help them incoming out of their miserable conditions. But, the inferior and segregated education did not letthem come out of their miseries.