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Ethics, Different Cultures and Ways of Life

Added on - 07 Jan 2020

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The increasing diversity in the population and number of patients, the health care industryhas been facing varied opportunities as well as challenges to make available services which arecompetent in nature. This quality of services of this sector is highly dependent on the mannerdifferent cultures interact with each other. Hence, a cultural competency is required to bedeveloped by all the services made available by healthy providers as well as policy makers. It isimportant to note that nursing is one such service which can produce enhanced health outcomesand effective care, depending upon their competency to efficiently interact on a cultural level.Moreover, this shall also enable the service providers to make a significant contribution toelimination of disparities in connection to racial as well as health issues. This leads to the need ofdevelopment of strategies which enable the health care services to be focused specificallyaddressing cross-cultural issues (Ogilvy, 1992). The health professionals and the onesdeveloping relevant policies shall undertaken every effort to eliminate administrative barriers, inaddition to linguistic hurdles in the process of patient care. It is highly imperative for the healthcare industry to understand that indulging into successful communication with the patients shallbe one of the priorities for the service providers. Each such individual shall be able todifferentiate between the cultural backgrounds, and be able to bridge the gap between existingdifferences in the cultural values. This not only enables the nursing services to be more effective,it also makes the entire comfortable for all the involved people. Some of the demerits which mayarise if the cultural differences are not addressed in a proper manner, in the form of adverseclinical outcomes, poor participation from the patient's end, delayed immunizations, non-compliance, reduced level of satisfaction and other inaccurate consequences.The health care system of Western Europe is primarily subjected to patients who are fromeither individually oriented culture or group oriented culture. The basis of this distinction lies inthe extent to which an individual derives his identity from his surroundings, and possess thefeeling of being taken care by their own community, family or any such group. For instance, thepatients who have a highly individualist background, carry a sense of separation from their owngroup and are more self-reliant. An independent personality is developed by these people, whichis completely distinct from their own groups. On the other hand, a person from collectivistculture derives his identity completely from his own group, and are strongly involved withineach other lives. The beliefs and opinions prevalent in these cultures are exclusive in nature, andcan also be defined as highly contrary to each other.1
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