Industrial Revolution History Assignment

Added on - 29 Apr 2020

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Running head: HISTORYHISTORYName of the Student:Name of the University:Author Note:
HISTORY1Industrial RevolutionThe Industrial Revolution is the single most important reason that throttled humancivilization by decades. During this period, the previously agrarian and rural societies of Europeand the United States of America transitioned into an industrial and urban society. Therevolution began in the Great Britain in the late 1700s and then spread to the USA. Prior to this,whatever production were done, were being carried out in household structures using simplemachinery and in meager amounts (Crafts). The industrial revolution changed everythingdramatically. The biggest reason that fueled industrial revolution was the advent of the greatagricultural revolution of the previous century which helped the people to have enough money intheir hands to purchase manufactured goods, which again increased the need to produce in largequantities. The biggest reason for industrial revolution to occur in the Great Britain was theimperialist one: since the country had almost the whole world as their colony during that time, ithelped them to funnel a lot of natural resources to better equip the factories and produce in alarger scale (Crafts). The advance of the scientific inventions also helped to build the properinfrastructure.There are several factors that contributed to the fact of industrial revolution nothappening in either China, India or Asia in general. Geographical advantage of Britain is the bestargument for this: the country has a climate that is much more suited for a more physicallyintense labour force than these two countries. Moderate climate also helped Europe to be free ofdiseases while the other countries were distraught from tropical health problems (Bagchi).Moreover, since Britain took away a lot of the natural resources from the Asian countries madethese countries fall short of the inputs they needed to help in the revolution (Bagchi).el Nino droughts
HISTORY2The el Nino droughts of the late 19thcentury destroyed the agricultural capabilities ofChina and India, from which the countries were never able to recover fully. The famines thatwere caused by this natural calamity ranged from Russia to Africa and almost every countrywere affected to some degree. It is a popular theory that this drought was the pivotal moment inhistory which created the marked distinction between the economic power of the countries andcreated what today is collectively named Third World Countries (Davis). Right after the droughtsravaged the lands, during the period of 1896 to 1901, the monsoons faltered again, plummetingthe countries towards further troubled times. Social parameters have forever changed after thesedroughts and the countries that were hit never recovered. One third of Sudan’s entire populaceperished.Colonialism played a major role to amplify the effects of the droughts. Even during themid-19thcentury, the living standard of Europe was lower than that of both India and China. Theimperial Britain took away most of the natural resources that were mined in these countries aswell as other products and in turn forced the colonies to buy their finished products in a muchcheaper amount, driving the countries’ own production infrastructure to crumble. Post-independence, the fight to survive led these countries to try beyond their limits to stay incompetition and this destroyed their infrastructure (Davis).The problem of povertyThere are more than one billion people living in the world today. The first worldcountries are in a much better position than the developing nations. One of the biggest reasonsthat contributed to this was the march of imperialism during most part of the last three centuries.The third world countries are riddled with problems that do not have any immediate solution and
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