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Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology

The assignment is about the impact of smart home systems underlined with IoT technology and the literature review on the concepts and views presented by authors.

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Added on  2022-08-28

Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology

The assignment is about the impact of smart home systems underlined with IoT technology and the literature review on the concepts and views presented by authors.

   Added on 2022-08-28

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Running head: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Information Technology
Name of Student-
Name of University-
Author’s Note-
Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology_1
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY1
Project Title: Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology
Abstract
The smart homes in this technological world has gained much popularity in last ten years and
that has increased the comforts and the quality of human life. Most of the system of smart homes
are being controlled by the smartphones, microcontrollers and IoT devices. The application of
smart phones helps to control as well as monitor the functions of home by integrating the service
of IoT and cloud computing. This integration has helped the system to embed intelligent sensors
and system, networking the smart things with proper use of technology and helps to facilitate
interactions with the smart things using cloud computing. Implementation of cloud computing in
different devices of smart home helps to access the devices from different locations and helps to
increase the computation power along with storage space and improve the efficiency of data
exchange. IoT is the emerging technology that helps to make the life smarter and the world gets
connected using the IoT devices. This report explains different IoT smart home things such as
automatic lighting, different home appliances, computer systems, Security cameras and remote
controlled curtains and air conditioners for making a home smart. Advantages and issues of
smart home devices are also elaborated in this report that provides an idea about the security that
smart home devices provides to the users. Different application of IoT and architecture of smart
home devices are explained in this report. This report also states the future of smart home
devices and how those devices will change the lifestyle of people.
Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology_2
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY2
Table of Contents
Project Title.....................................................................................................................................1
1. Introduction..................................................................................................................................2
2. Discussion....................................................................................................................................3
2.1 Smart Home Overview..........................................................................................................3
2.2 Overview of Internet of Things.............................................................................................5
2.3 Smart Home Applications and functions...............................................................................7
2.4 Benefits of smart home..........................................................................................................9
2.5 Issues of smart home...........................................................................................................11
2.6 Architecture of IoT smart home..........................................................................................12
2.7 Including cloud computing in IoT smart home...................................................................14
2.8 Event processing in IoT smart homes..................................................................................14
2.9 Implementation and practical aspects of IoT smart homes.................................................16
3. Conclusion.................................................................................................................................17
References......................................................................................................................................20
Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology_3
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY3
1. Introduction
With modern and smart trend of advancement in technology, people expects invention of
new devices to make their life easy on daily basis. Researchers are always trying to invent new
devices to satisfy the needs of the people and this process is infinite. Back in 1990, companies
and the consumer markets started making use of internet but there was a limit in its use because
of poor performance of the network connectivity (Sivanathan et al., 2016). By 2000, connectivity
of Internet was made normal for many applications and internet is used daily in today’s business
and organizations. The devices used in companies for industrial use requires interaction from
human and monitoring of those devices are done through applications and interfaces. To
eliminate the human interaction, IoT (Internet of Things) devices are used to establish a
connection with the network.
The main objective of IoT is connecting the physical devices over a network to establish
communication between each other. IoT is includes in the devices to eliminate the human
interaction from the network. IoT includes a network of the computer systems and real life
objects that interact with each other. The real life objects of IoT includes devices such as mobile
devices, smart vehicles, smart home appliances and other such things those are used in daily life.
The networks used in smart IoT devices communication through standard protocols.
IoT devices can be implemented in different situation such as in factories, laboratories,
health care system and in homes. With the development of information technology, changed
socio economic structure, changes in householder structure and improves security of networks,
the demand of home automation has increased (Geneiatakis et al., 2017). Home automation with
the IoT devices includes secured home environment, increased comfort, and efficiency
Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology_4
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY4
requirements of the devices. The devices used in network are to be accessible to the user all the
time irrespective of location of the user. The user using the IoT device will be able to control the
device, and monitor it from anywhere and anytime the user wants to.
This report includes details of smart homes which are automated buildings with different
installed devices such as security systems, ventilation, lighting and air controlling features in it.
Smart homes includes smart switches and smart control systems that helps to control the homes
from anywhere and anytime by the user. This report states different smart home IoT devices
those are used to make the house automated and explains the architecture of IoT smart home to
get a detailed explanation about the working of those devices. This report will also explain IoT
devices along with cloud computing and systems those helps to process the events in the IoT
devices.
2. Discussion
2.1 Smart Home Overview
Smart homes includes residential extension of the building automation and includes
controlling process and the automation process of the embedded technologies in smart homes.
Smart homes defines a home that has different appliances, heating controlling, remote controlled
fans, lighting, computer systems, security cameras, air conditioners and all other devices those
can be controlled remotely by the users (Simpson et al., 2017). The system in smart homes is
capable of communicating with each other and has the accessibility to control them remotely by
the time schedule, internet and phone numbers. The systems mainly consists of smart switches
and smart sensors that can be connected to the central hub and that is controlled by the residents
Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology_5
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY5
of the house. The central hub is mainly controlled by wall mounted terminals or by mobile units
connected tp the cloud service of internet.
The devices in smart home are energy efficient, provides security, has low operating
costs and are very convenient for using. Installing the smart products provides convenience as
well as helps to save power, energy and also saves the money of users. The smart home devices
are adaptive as well as adjustable for meeting the ongoing changes needed by the home
members. The infrastructure of smart homes are flexible and can integrate with different devices
and provides different providers and standards (Apthorpe et al., 2017). The architecture of smart
home devices measures the home conditioning, process the devices data or information, utilizes
the sensors microcontrollers to measure the condition of home and also monitors all the devices
used in the system. The smart home with IoT devices has gained popularity is increasing in a
good pace. Using smart home devices has become a part of modern world and also has reduced
the cost of using different technologies for doing single work.
The services that are used in smart homes are
1. Measuring the condition of home that is it measures the temperature, proximity as well
as the humidity and light of home.
2. Managing the appliances of home and host them to cloud infrastructure.
3. Control of home access that includes technologies for accessing doors of the house.
The main components those are used for managing the IoT devices are sensors,
processors, set of software components, actuators and database for storing the data. The below
figure shows the paradigm of the smart home with cloud connectivity.
Smart Home Systems underlined with IoT technology_6

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