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Methods Used to Contact Research in Criminal Justice

Added on - 16 May 2020

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Running head: METHODS USED TO CONDUCT RESEARCH IN CRIMINAL JUSTICEMethods Used to Conduct Research in Criminal JusticeName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
1METHODS USED TO CONDUCT RESEARCH IN CRIMINAL JUSTICETable of ContentsStrategy......................................................................................................................................2a)Hypothesis..........................................................................................................................2b)Dependent and Independent variable..................................................................................2c)Reason behind Random assignment...................................................................................2d)Limitation of the Interviews...............................................................................................2e)Practical Issues during the Interviews................................................................................2f)Two Ethical Issues..............................................................................................................3Confidentiality........................................................................................................................3Permission..............................................................................................................................3g)External and Internal Validity Issues..................................................................................3External validity Issues..........................................................................................................3Internal Validity Issues..........................................................................................................3h)Interpretation.......................................................................................................................3i)Interpretation of whether Playing Violent Video games lead to Criminal Behaviour........3J) Two Reasons why Impacts of game-playing over the longer term are not investigated.......4k) Theory to explain the relationship between Aggression behaviour and playing ViolentGames.........................................................................................................................................4
2METHODS USED TO CONDUCT RESEARCH IN CRIMINAL JUSTICEStrategyA study has been conducted to test whether there is a tendency among teenagers whoplay violent and aggressive video games to conduct criminal behaviour. Boys have beenclassified according to their addiction to playing video games. It is seen that boys of Onegroup have an addiction to play video games, which are violent and aggressive one hourevery day for a period of three months. Boys of another group like to play video games,which are non-violent and non-aggressive one hour every day for a period of three months.Boys aged 12 years in a middle-class suburban neighbourhood have been assigned to one ofthese groups. The parents and the teachers of the boys are interviewed within a month of theend of the game-playing phase to examine whether there is a significant change of behaviourin the subjects.a)HypothesisHypotheses are of two types. A null hypothesis is tentatively made (Harlow, Mulaik& Steiger, 2016). It is denoted as H0. An alternative hypothesis is any other hypothesis thannull hypothesis. An alternative hypothesis is denoted as H1(Harlow, Mulaik & Steiger, 2016).The following hypothesis will be tested in this study.H0: Playing violent and aggressive video games contributes to criminal behaviour.H1: Playing violent and aggressive video games do not contribute to criminal behaviour.b)Dependent and Independent variableA dependent variable is depended on the value of other variables (Ary et al., 2018).On the other hand, an independent variable is not depended on the value of other variables(Ary et al., 2018). Here, the Criminal behaviour is identified as dependent variable whileaddiction to playing violent video games, depression, trouble at home, and addiction toplaying non-violent video games are identified as the independent variable. It is supposed thatcriminal behaviour is dependent on these mentioned independent variables.c)Reason behind Random assignmentRandom assignment technique is used to assign boys randomly in different groups. Itensures that each boy has the same probability to be assigned to any given group. It helps toeliminate the effect of confounding variable. Hence, children are assigned randomly to one oftwo groups.d)Limitation of the InterviewsEvery interview may have some limitations. Thus, these interviews are not good atfollowing trends in short period of time because information is collected in a single point oftime. Hence, it is difficult to measure the changes in population because fluctuations mayhappen in information. This procedure is also time-consuming and costly (Simon & Goes,2013).
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