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Organisational Behaviour - Assignment (Pdf)

Added on - 23 Nov 2020

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OrganisationalBehaviour
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1P1: Organisation’s culture, politics and power influence individual and team behaviour..........1TASK 2............................................................................................................................................3P2: Evaluate content and process theories of motivation and motivational techniques..............3TASK 3............................................................................................................................................7P3: Importance of effective team as opposed to an ineffective team..........................................7TASK 4............................................................................................................................................9P4 Concepts and philosophies of organisational behaviour.......................................................9CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................11REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12
INTRODUCTIONOrganisational behaviour is an application of knowledge about the way individual act inthe company. It create an environment where both human and organisation are benefited by eachother. The primary aim of this study is to predict and discussion regarding human behaviour inorganisations, so that individual needs can be satisfied. 2M Group Ltd is an internationalchemicals distributor with headquarter in UK. It was founded in 2004 by Mottie Kessler, theCEO and chairman of the company. The objective of organisation is to grow an internationalchemicals distribution portfolio based on excellent companies with strong brands.In this report there will be an analyses on culture, politics and power influence onindividual and team behaviour that also impact on overall performance. Manger also evaluate theways of motivating individual and team for achieving objectives. Company also identify how tomake an effective team and apply various concepts and philosophies of organisational behaviourwithin the organisation (Huczynski, Buchanan and Huczynski, 2013).TASK 1P1: Organisation’s culture, politics and power influence individual and team behaviourOrganisational behaviour is the study of predicting, understanding and controllingindividual activities that impact on team performance in an organisation. It provides a rationalthinking about individual and their behaviour within the organisation. Cultural, power andpolitics are importance part of each organisation which influence individual and team behaviourin achieving overall performance. HR manager of 2M Group Ltd analyse several factors like itsculture, power and politics that impact on employees or group behaviour. These three factorsalso positively or negatively impact on company overall objectives.Organisation culture:It defines as the values, beliefs, expectations, assumptions,attitudes and norms that combines an organisation together and are shared by its employees. It isan invisible but powerful force which influences the behaviour of employees and team. HRmanager analyse it's culture which affects the way individual and team interact with each other.With the help of organisational culture employees of organisation cooperate with each other.Company follow Hofstede's cultural dimension for creating a favourable working environmentfor its employees. This theory is explained below:1
Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory is based on cross-cultural communication. Itexplain the effects of a society's culture on employee's values and behaviour. This theory isdivided into five dimensions such as individualism-collectivism, long-short term orientation,power distance, uncertainty avoidance and masculinity-femininity.HR manager of 2M GroupLtd use these dimensions for studying it's culture in order to increase individual's performance.Individualism-collectivism:It refers to the strength of individual and team in way toachieve objectives. In individualism, high score denotes lack of interpersonal connections amongthose who are not a part of a core. Employees takes responsibilities for other's actions andresults. In collectivism, employees are loyal to group to which they belong. HR manager of 2MGroup Ltd focus on individual by developing their interpersonal connections so that employeesconsider themselves as a part of team. By this individual enjoy challenges and work as a teamwhich led to increase in overall performance (Wilson, 2017).Power distance:It defined as the measure of inequality which is accepted and exists bythe employees with more or less power. High index indicates great inequality in culture where aslow score displays power is shared. It is the duty of Human Resource manager to use powerdistance dimension for giving equal treatment to employees and supervisors so to ensure thatthere is an equal distribution of power amongst the team. The equality in terms of treatmentensures that they focused more towards work.Long-short term orientation:This dimension means society rules based on traditionsapply on both short and long term orientation. It associates the connection of previous withpresent actions under short term orientation. Past and current actions on future rewards areconsidered under long term orientation. HR manager follow short dimension for emphasis onquick results and understand the importance of leisure time. So, organisation culture help inachieving short term objectives which lead to future goals.Uncertainty avoidance:It describes how well individual can cope with anxiety. HRmanager of 2M Group Ltd use this for avoiding uncertainties at workplace by guiding employeesto control and accept changes in future uncertainties and risks.Masculinity-femininity:It refers to the distribution of roles between men and women inthe society. HR manager provides same environment to both male and female employees in anorganisation. In company women are also working in male dominated profiles which shows2
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