Evolutionary Psychology and Human Behavior


Added on  2019-09-20

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PSYC1092 P14183363 1Effects Of Darwin's Theory Of Evolution On Development Of Psychology Student Name: Student ID: Course Name: Course ID: Faculty Name: University Name:
Evolutionary Psychology and Human Behavior_1

PSYC1092 P14183363 2Effects Of Darwin's Theory Of Evolution On Development Of PsychologyDarwin’s theory of biological evolution was developed in 1809-1882 by Charles Darwin and others. As per the theory, organisms arise and develop through the process of natural selection. There are small, inherited variations that allow competition for survival. Charles Darwin introduced the term natural selection in the process of evolution. Natural selection allows to minor genetic advancements. For example, if the member of the species develops gills as well as lungs then the advantages will be passed on to the offspring. In the case of anycrises, the weak inferior member of the species dies faster than stranger ones. (Crawford, C., & Krebs, D. L. (Eds.). (2013).Through natural selection, the functional advantages are preserved and passed on to the next generation. This allows the species to compete better. There has been a dramatic change in physical qualities of animals by domestic breeding. Breeders have eliminated the undesirable quality keeping the desired ones through natural selection. The natural selection acts slowly. It can never take a sudden leap. Every time a slight variation will be shown in the new generation. But eventually, Darwin proved that complex organism’s exit which could not have been possible with continuous advancement with every new generation. (Crain, W. (2015).The advanced traits will allow the organism to adapt better to the changing environment and produce offspring. Evolution by natural selection is one of the best theories in the history of science. The Darwin’s theory has been supported by scientists, palaeontology, geology and genetics.The Darwin’s theory has two main points firstly all the human beings on the earth are connected and related to each other and this diversity is due to modification by natural selection. Darwin’s theory is best known as ‘ survival of the fittest’
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PSYC1092 P14183363 3Evolutionary psychology is not any different branch of psychology . It is based on series of logical and confirmed events. By this, we understand that evolution is not focussed on the body but also on the development of the brain. The psychological mechanism of the brain performs and the behaviour which is produced by it. Many of those advancements are psychological which are designed to solve problems that have contributed to our survival and reproduction. The modern environment is different from our ancestral environment, provide adaptation of better psychological function is a necessity, not an option.( Stevens, A., & Price, J. (2016).Darwin gave two key theories that have guided the modern psychological research . Those are natural selection and sexual selection. These theories have great values , it guides the psychologist to understand the adaptive linked problems with survival. In the past decade, evolution psychology has sub-discipline within psychology. Evolutionary psychology has given us a huge range of discoveries which includes the adaptations for the dark side of society. Evolutionary development psychological ways in critical events such as fathers absence versus father’s presence. (Gilbert, P., & Bailey, K. G. (2014).The evolutionary clinical psychology provides a definition for psychological disorder. It happens when an evolved mechanism fails to function the way it is designed to function. It also shows light on common afflicts such as depression, anxiety and sexual disorders. It provides a framework for examining how ancestral and modern and modern environment cancreate different physiological disorder. Cognitive and social neurologist use modern techniques such as MRI to test the hypothesis about social exclusions and adaptations. The evolution psychology breaks down the barrier between traditional sub-disciplines of psychology. A proper description of psychology must include identifying input and cognitive
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