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PSYC1092 P141833631Effects Of Darwin's Theory Of Evolution On Development Of PsychologyStudent Name:Student ID:Course Name:Course ID:Faculty Name:University Name:
PSYC1092 P141833632Effects Of Darwin's Theory Of Evolution On Development Of PsychologyDarwin’s theory of biological evolution was developed in 1809-1882 by Charles Darwin andothers. As per the theory, organisms arise and develop through the process of naturalselection. There are small, inherited variations that allow competition for survival. CharlesDarwin introduced the term natural selection in the process of evolution. Natural selectionallows to minor genetic advancements. For example, if the member of the species developsgills as well as lungs then the advantages will be passed on to the offspring. In the case of anycrises, the weak inferior member of the species dies faster than stranger ones. (Crawford, C.,& Krebs, D. L. (Eds.). (2013).Through natural selection, the functional advantages are preserved and passed on to the nextgeneration. This allows the species to compete better. There has been a dramatic change inphysical qualities of animals by domestic breeding. Breeders have eliminated the undesirablequality keeping the desired ones through natural selection. The natural selection acts slowly.It can never take a sudden leap. Every time a slight variation will be shown in the newgeneration. But eventually, Darwin proved that complex organism’s exit which could nothave been possible with continuous advancement with every new generation. (Crain, W.(2015).The advanced traits will allow the organism to adapt better to the changingenvironment and produce offspring.Evolution by natural selection is one of the best theories in the history of science. TheDarwin’s theory has been supported by scientists, palaeontology, geology and genetics.The Darwin’s theory has two main points firstly all the human beings on the earth areconnected and related to each other and this diversity is due to modification by naturalselection. Darwin’s theory is best known as ‘ survival of the fittest’
PSYC1092 P141833633Evolutionary psychology is not any different branch of psychology . It is based on series oflogical and confirmed events. By this, we understand that evolution is not focussed on thebody but also on the development of the brain. The psychological mechanism of the brainperforms and the behaviour which is produced by it. Many of those advancements arepsychological which are designed to solve problems that have contributed to our survival andreproduction. The modern environment is different from our ancestral environment, provideadaptation of better psychological function is a necessity, not an option.(Stevens, A., &Price, J. (2016).Darwin gave two key theories that have guided the modern psychological research . Thoseare natural selection and sexual selection. These theories have great values , it guides thepsychologist to understand the adaptive linked problems with survival. In the past decade,evolution psychology has sub-discipline within psychology. Evolutionary psychology hasgiven us a huge range of discoveries which includes the adaptations for the dark side ofsociety. Evolutionary development psychological ways in critical events such as fathersabsence versus father’s presence. (Gilbert, P., & Bailey, K. G. (2014).The evolutionary clinical psychology provides a definition for psychological disorder. Ithappens when an evolved mechanism fails to function the way it is designed to function. Italso shows light on common afflicts such as depression, anxiety and sexual disorders. Itprovides a framework for examining how ancestral and modern and modern environment cancreate different physiological disorder. Cognitive and social neurologist use moderntechniques such as MRI to test the hypothesis about social exclusions and adaptations.The evolution psychology breaks down the barrier between traditional sub-disciplines ofpsychology. A proper description of psychology must include identifying input and cognitive
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